Demographic characteristics of the population

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Statistics of population and labour has methods overall assessment of this phenomenon. In particular, accounted for employment work at various age and causes distractions of work, level of attraction to work of the population under and above working age. Particular attention is drawn to the statistics of the disabled population in working age as an indicator of the strength of influence of factors of labor on the part of employees. With this purpose, of the total number of disabled is necessary to allocate group of persons disabled from childhood and lost health in war and in everyday life. Taken into account and the fact that some people with disabilities, despite the partial capacity for work, work, and are part of the employed labour population. On the level of employment by labour affects the distraction of persons of working age for education, military service, women - maternity leave and maternity, upbringing of children, and so on, In the capitalist countries on employment of the population affected by unemployment. The above provisions indicate the need for a clear view of each of the categories of the population, the degree of their influence on the formation and use of labor potential of the country. These categories are fully systematized B. C. Urlanis (1974). The list of categories of the population (table. 2)determining the labour potential of the country and its use is evidence of the close connection of demographic processes with the whole tenor of socio-economic transformations in the country.

Table 2. Categories of the population of the USSR, forming labour potential and its use, and their dynamics for the period from 1959 to 1970 (in millions) (B. C. Urlanis, 1974)
Category of the population Men Women
1959 1970 1959 1970
The population in working age (men of 16 and 60, women 16-56 years) 55,1 64,0 64,7 66,5
The disabled population in working age 1,9 2,5 1,4 1,5
The able-bodied population in working age 53,2 61,5 63,2 65,0
Working but not working population in the working age 6,8 7,2 2,9 4,8
Trueactive the population in working age 46,4 54,3 60,4 60,2
The economically active population in the working age (without home Housewives and domestic workers) 45,0 54,3 49,0 54,3
The economically active population outside of working age
2,9 1,5 3,3 2,5


0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3
persons of retirement age 2,6 1,2 3,0 2,2
All economically active population 48,61 55,8 56,51 56,8
1 taking into account engaged in personal subsidiary agriculture in the pension age 0.7 million men and 4.2 million women.

Employment work of the world's population is 42,5%, and the population of the USSR - 52-53%, the socialist countries - 45-60%, the developed capitalist countries - 36-44%, of the population of countries with low economic development is less than 35% (world Population, 1965). Economically active population of most countries are working men, however, there is a trend towards the inclusion of women in social production. In the USSR, women constitute 51% of the working that is the result of the social equality of men and women.
For all the value of the data on total employment great importance for geologicheskogo analysis have information about age-specific employment of people with work. Employment job boys and girls usually depends not on health, and the degree of development of General and special education in the country, conditions in the labor market in the capitalist countries. Rising to about 30 years, employment of men is progressively decrease is mainly due to disability of employees and favourable early retirement old-age representatives difficult and hazardous professions.