Demographic characteristics of the population

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Comparative analysis of the age of employment allows to detect the presence of reserves of labor resources and to identify possible sizes for optimization of conditions of their use. Indeed, in the Moldavian SSR employment of men aged 55-59 years compared with the 30-39-year lower by 4%and in the Russian Federation - by 18%. In the first case it does not work every fifth man near retirement age, and the second one in four. Knowledge of such laws requires identifying the true causes and factors of forming of low employment in relatively flourishing age.
In the capitalist countries for the modern period are characterized by employment discrimination against young people and older workers ages. It should be emphasized particularly unfavourable situation of persons of pre-retirement age, which in modern production experience certain difficulties when performing work tasks at a high tempo. This is reflected in the acts of dismissal and employment, forced transfer to the partial working day, in long-term unemployment. In the age decrease in employment work marked another trend; On the background of a very pronounced variability of the retirement age in different countries, from 50 years (in Uruguay) to 70 years (in Canada, Ireland, Norway) employment of persons of the first pension five years in all countries is considerably lower than in the pre-retirement age. Levels of this difference depends than established the General age of retirement, from the prevalence in the country privileged old-age pensions, social security, old-age, degree of preservation of health, working conditions for older persons with reduced working capacity. However, these questions are General labor statistics provides no answer. Comprehensive idea about that provide only a comprehensive tables of working life Table of Working Life) (Garfinkle, 1955; Wolfbein, 1957; Charnota, 1964).