Demographic characteristics of the population

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An important indicator of using a labour potential of the country is the age structure of the employed working population: the younger workers, the lower the level of use of the capacities and, on the contrary, the more among them representatives of middle and old age, the higher the level of its use. The age structure of the population with classes, to a certain extent changed under the influence of the dynamics of age structure of the entire population and age-specific employment. But this process is influenced not only by demographic factors. The structure of the working population is influenced by demographic, social and occupational factors. The power and manifestation of each category of factors and their combined effect in the individual steps in the development of production relations are different. So, the most strong influence on the age composition of the working population ageing has a low level of provision of workers ' insurance and old-age pensions. In these conditions, there is almost full compliance with the aging society and the composition of the workers. And such widely developed in the USSR social measure of material stimulation of work of pensioners against good security old age, relatively little impact on the increase of the age composition of the employed population. Adverse factors of vocational situation rejuvenate workers, and easy harmless work attracts older workers.
In the period between 1959 and 1970, there were serious changes in the age structure of the total employed population. If in 1959 the face 16-29 was 43,2% (men) and 40.8% (women) total number of employed persons, in 1970, their share accounted for only 32 and 29.9%, respectively, while the group 30-49-year-old has increased from 40 and 45.6% to 53,7% and 58% respectively. This povzroslee composition of the working demonstrates the process only relative to ageing. It deserves special attention when solving long-term tasks on organization of production and use of qualified population. In the coming sh-15 years one of the most popular is the group of people older than 40 years, the representatives of which in connection with the physiological age-related changes in the body gradually becomes more and more difficult to adapt to the new requirements of modern production, related to the intensification of information processing and increased the pace and workload. This is particularly evident in the case of radical modernization of the labour process and technologies, development of which requires new professional knowledge and breaking work stereotype. So issues are of physiological-hygienic normalization of work taking into account the age Composition of the labour force. Otherwise, the process of reducing the employment situation will affect not only the pension contingents, but more numerous pre-retirement with a high employment potential. This attention must be expressed and because in General the staff employed persons 50-59 years of age and those over 60 years and older in the whole country represents a much smaller share than could be at a higher level of adaptation of labour.
The described changes in the age structure of the employed population has led to a significant increase in the middle and especially modal, quantitatively most represented age, but failed to increase the upper limit of the age.
The increased employment of women, especially older ones, and povzroslee of staff has greatly improved use of labour potential of the country and increase the positive economic effect. Less significant shifts in the male part of the labour force.