Chemical means

Chemical means. These include poisons for the destruction of rodents, preparations protecting various materials from abuse of rodents or from penetration of animals in space (repellents). Chemical poisons used in the composition of food bait in the form of a powder for dusting Nord trails and rodents, as well as in the gaseous state to handle vessels, silos, etc.,
The nature of poisons are divided into long-term and fast. The former include warfarin, Ratingen, rivalisierenden and others, to the second - Krysin, tiosemicarbazid, phosphide zinc, sulphate thalliumcarbonate, barium, strychnine, arsenic compounds, peracetate, fluoroacetate barium, gaseous preparations and other
Warfarin - powder white or light gray in color with a characteristic smell. In water insoluble. Feature of the product is the ability to koumoulirovati (accumulated) in the body of the animal. The destruction of rodents comes after numerous (over several days) the reception is very small doses. Lethal dose, grey rat - 0.25 mg daily for four days (total dose 1.0 mg), poisoned animals are dying in 8-14 days. To warfarin is not produced alertness or addictive. Industry warfarin available in the form of working mixture (1 part of the preparation for 199 parts of starch), which prepare poisoned bait (5% of the working mixture ready-to-weight bait); it is also used for dusting Nord, trails rodents, and water. This drug is practically not dangerous to humans.
Ratingen - yellow crystalline powder. In water insoluble. Lethal dose, grey rat - 0.01 mg daily for 3-4 days. Rats die for 6-8 days. Is issued by the industry in the form of working mixture (containing the active beginning of 0.5%), tinted blue. Applies as warfarin, but for the food baits takes 3% of the working mixture to the weight of the bait. For pet and human Ratingen practically not dangerous.
Rivalisierenden (Ratingen IV) is a crystalline powder yellow or Golden color (net preparation). In water insoluble. Less toxic than warfarin and Ratingen: lethal dose, grey rat - 0.5 mg daily for 4 days. Rats die on 8-16 days. Used in combination with warfarin (1:1) significantly enhances the efficiency of preparations. As Ratingen, rivalisierenden practically not dangerous to humans.
Cryed - drug acute effect. Powder grey or brown, insoluble in water. Highly toxic for grey rats and house mice (lethal dose of 4.5-5 mg and 0.5-0.7 mg, respectively) and practically non-toxic to humans and domestic animals. The destruction of rodents occurs within days. If poisoning in small doses in rodents is produced to him sustainability, the remaining 30-40 days, so be reprocessed by cresida should be conducted at intervals of 4-6 weeks. Applies cryed for cooking food bait (the content of the poison 1%), dusting water, nor trails and rodents. Practically little dangerous to humans.
Tiosemicarbazid - crystalline white powder, soluble in hot (up 10%) and cold (to 2.5%) water. Lethal dose, grey rat 12 mg, house mice - 1 mg because Of the high content of the drug in the food baits (5%) of the rodents relatively poorly them eat. Eating sublethal doses causes of rats resistance to the drug. For a man of little dangerous.
The zinc phosphide - powder dark grey, almost black, with the smell of garlic. In water insoluble. Lethal dose, grey rat - 15-30 mg for house mouse - 3-5 mg the Drug is dangerous for all animals and humans. Used in food baits (2 - 3%), for dusting water (rarely). With long-term use of the drug in rodents can be produced to him wary.
Peracetate - crystalline powder of white or grayish colour, well soluble in water. Lethal dose, grey rat - 7-10 mg, house mouse - 0,4 mg Very dangerous for humans and Pets. Used in the food baits (containing poison 0,5-1%), for the manufacture of liquid lures I (0.5 % solution).
Fluoroacetate barium - white crystalline powder dissolves easily in water. Lethal dose, grey rat - 1 mg Extremely dangerous for people and Pets, the drug can only be used by experts deratization.
Sulfur dioxide - gas drug, 2.5 times heavier than air, is well absorbed various materials, in connection with its concentration in the air of buildings should be not less than 2-3%. Dangerous to humans.
Carbon dioxide has no color and smell, 1.5 times heavier than air. The destruction of rodents occurs when the content of 500-700 g/m3 of gas in air of premises.
Chlorpicrin has a pungent odor, causes tearing. Is used for aeration of closed facilities (warehouses, silos, etc., and burrows of rodents (squirrel, gerbils). The destruction of rodents comes when the gas concentration in the air of 1-2 ml/m3. Toxic substance tear actions, and in high concentrations is suffocating.
Hydrocyanic acid. Use of drugs: black cyanide (powder), Zyklon-B (infuzoria land with 35-40% hydrocyanic acid), cyclone-D (paper disks impregnated hydrocyanic acid). For processing of warehouse premises and vessels spend 1 disc cyclone-D or 30-70 g of black cyanide on 1 m3 of the room. Venom is extremely dangerous for humans and animals. To work with preparations of hydrocyanic acid is possible only in insulating gas masks.
Drugs that protect facilities and materials from rodents include repellents (repellent substances).
Albital - product processing oil shale. Yellow oily liquid with a characteristic pungent smell. The introduction of the drug in rubber sheath cables to protect them from damage by rodents.
Shale oil is a yellow oily liquid with a pungent smell. Is used to protect PVC wire sheath.
CEMAT - zinc salt diethyldithiocarbaminate acid, yellowish-white, finely ground powder, insoluble in water. Operates razdrazhajushche on mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Protected containers, fruit trees, houses against rodents, for which termination materials - gypsum, plaster, clay type drug. Suspension and the drug is in the form of powder used for spraying and dusting surface and outputs from holes.

  • Cooking technique lures and precautions