Care for dermatological and venereal patients

Care for dermatological and venereal patients provides first of all, the strict observance of personal hygiene, conducting hygienic and therapeutic baths, disinfection of linen.
In particularly taken care of needy patients with such severe diseases as bladderwort, sharp red erythematosus, eritrodermia, inverse psoriasis and other dermatoses, accompanied by extensive and weeping skin rash, severe attacks of itching and burning sensation in the affected area of skin. Such patients are often placed in suspension, a taut over the bed sheets, on which carry the sick, which ensures sparing skin from injury.
When treating patients with contagious forms of the disease in the first place measures to prevent nosocomial infections. Patients with fungal diseases (trichophytosis, microsporia, favus) wear gauze, linen caps; when epilation, haircut and washing of the head should not lead to the dispersion of hair and skin flakes. To prevent the spread of plicarum hospital shoes all patients disinfected. When the dressings patients with pyoderma, and dressing wounds, take appropriate measures against dispersion pyococcal; the skin around the affected area process alcoholic solution (boric-camphoric alcohol, salicylic alcohol and other).
In acute purulent infections of the skin (even when one boils) it is prohibited to wash. In chronic infectious skin lesions can't take baths with potassium permanganate or other disinfectant.
Keep calm and full sleep patients with eczema and neyrodermatozov.
Great value has a correct, efficient imposition of lotions (see), drying wet bandages, agitated medicines, ointments, pastes.
Wet drying it consists of folded in 5-6 layers of gauze soaked therapeutic solution; it is put on the skin, covered with a thin layer of absorbent cotton and fix one or two passages of bandage; change is usually after 3-4 hours.
Shaken medicine ("mash") put a soft brush or gauze-cotton swab on the skin area skin twice a day, dressings are usually not required. Ointments can be directly applied to the skin, spread on a soft cloth that is placed on the skin and is fixed with a light bandage, or rubbed into the skin (for example, scabies, syphilis). Paste is applied on the affected skin with a spatula; it is better kept on the skin, if on top of a thin layer of powder (starch, talc); paste can also spread on fabric, which is placed on the skin and bandage; impose pasta once or twice a day. Ointments and pasta removed from the skin with a cotton swab moistened with vegetable oil.
Strict precautions are in the care of sexually transmitted diseased. All medical procedures should be done in gloves should not be touched with bare hands erosive surfaces, ulcerative shangraw, weeping papules on any parts of the skin. Strict and timely follow medical prescriptions clear observation for signs of transition from one stage of syphilis in another ensures the effectiveness of treatment. We should not forget the pain of the injection of oil solutions, these drugs must preheat. In the treatment of bismuth salts and mercury is necessary to monitor the state of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. You need to constantly explain to patients the need for a thorough and timely implementation of all scheduled courses of treatment. Cm. also Syphilis, prevention.