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Psychiatric aspects of childhood and adolescence and the issues of psychological prevention of

The foundations of mental health are laid in early childhood, so it is important since the baby was born watch his upbringing and development. Increased attention to the mental state of the child must also because age period to 16 years has increased the risk for mental disorders. Insufficient development of the CNS, the imperfection of its response due to the fact that neuropsychiatric reactions of children both in norm and in pathology have their inherent characteristics. Symptoms, course and outcome of psychosis and neurosis here other than adults.
Children more than adults, depend on the external environment. The child's body is not only lives, works, but continuously grows, develops, constantly reorganizing his mental processes. This in itself is a significant burden, challenging adaptation mechanisms. In even more difficult situation are children, whose developmental characteristics changed, have a deviation from the typical mental development of man.
In connection with the General (somatic and infectious) diseases, unfavourable micro-social environment are sometimes suspended growth, there is a delay of mental development - total or partial, on individual mental functions. General mental deficiency is sometimes pronounced and is qualified as malorie - mental retardation. In other cases, the lack of mental development is subtle and is already apparent in adults in the form of childishness, naivety and evaluated as psychic infantilism. Usually mental infantilism corresponds infantilism physical. Such people aged 25-30 still maintain the appearance of a teenager, often marked lack of growth and body weight, poorly developed secondary sexual characteristics; Due to the immaturity of the judgments such people easily fall under foreign influence, accept the opinions of others, more powerful and authoritative, become passivnye executors of the wills of others. At hit of boys and girls with infantilism in anti-social environment they easily accept lifestyle, behavior and ways of thinking, corresponding to that environment, shall be attached to the abuse of alcohol, drugs, may commit offences.
Developmental delay not all, but only some mental functions leads to the General unevenness of mental development - asynchrony. Thus found themselves safe psychic functions in compensation available to the lack begin to develop intensively, which sometimes appears as one-sided talent, but even more emphasizes mental irregularity.
Uneven development is created and without delay, through enhanced growth and faster than normal maturation of organs and systems. This phenomenon is known under the name of Accelerationism. Accelerando teenagers taller than their parents, they have a well developed bone-muscular system; they have matured sexually and their physical data could earlier be married and have children, especially as the interest to the opposite gender is also seen sooner. However, the absence of this time lasting social status, material and moral independence, and most importantly psychological preparedness usually not possible to create family. In accordance with the modern life conditions due to wide possibilities of communication and availability of information (Newspapers, magazines, radio, television, film) many children faster than in previous years, intellectual development. This creates the feeling of self-importance, the illusion of superiority over developing normal pace peers, discrepancy of interests of age, and often in protest of conservatism and unilateralism adults (parents, teachers). The desire for self-assertion in the absence of life experience, Mature understanding of the situation can lead to conflicts, which then more than just paying the adolescent boy - disillusion, depressive reaction.