Baby paralysis

Baby paralysis movement disorders, caused by defeat of the nervous system that occur at birth or are manifested in the first months of life. The origin of child paralysis of great importance intrauterine infection and intoxication, birth trauma, infection and injury in children of early age. Changes in the nervous system at children's paralysis do not progress, have a residual character. Children's paralysis inherent tendency toward a gradual improvement with age. There are children's cerebral paralysis and baby peripheral paralysis.
Children's cerebral paralysis is characterized by symptoms of the pyramidal tract and the basal ganglia. There are the following forms of children's cerebral paralysis.

gymnastics with children's cerebral paralysis
Fig. 1. Little's disease: Fig. 1A - spastic paralysis of the lower limbs; Fig. 16 - spastic paralysis of upper and lower extremities. Fig. 2. Peripheral paralysis of his right hand. Fig. 3. Therapeutic exercises with children's cerebral palsy. Relaxation of the muscles of the lower extremities with emphasis on hands.

Fig. 4. Exercise with the load on the upper extremities.

Little's disease, or spastic diplegia, occurs when birth trauma and is characterized spastic paralysis of the extremities, usually the lower, less - top and bottom (Fig. 1). Symptoms of the disease are observed from the first days of life. In children bathing and swaddle found elevated tone of muscles, manifested in the passive resistance movement, stiffness. Lighter forms can be detected later, for 5-6 months. life. In these cases, the children showed a certain position of the limbs: hips rotated inward, knees pressed together. Children begin to walk with delay; feet touch the floor only fingers, legs are swapped with great difficulty, often overlap, knees rubbing one against another. Both legs when you try to stand up or lie down are driven at the same time. Tendon reflexes increased, but sometimes you cannot call because of the sharp increase muscle tone. For the same reason may be missing, and abnormal reflexes. Psychics often not changed. In some cases, possible combinations disease little with decreased intelligence.
Children cerebral hemiplegia occurs more frequently as a result of encephalitis, injury, moved at an early age. With the development of infantile cerebral hemiplegia on the background of encephalitis after the acute period, which lasts several days, cramps cease, the consciousness of the child recovers and revealed paralysis of one side of the body, gradually receiving expressed spastic nature (see Paralysis, paresis). The hand is given to the body is bent at the elbow, the hand is omitted, bronirovanie, compressed in a fist. Leg bent at the knee, foot down. Tendon reflexes increased, there are pathological reflexes.
Often infected and craniocerebral nerves, with the defeat of oculomotor nerves noted strabismus, facial nerve - warp person, etc.
Children pseudobulbar paralysis is characterized by shortness of sucking and swallowing, and is already apparent from the first days of baby's life. Further expose violations chewing movements of the lips and tongue and facial muscles, with the defeat of the circular muscles of the mouth baby can't close his mouth.
In spastic form of infantile paralysis is dominated by the effects of hypertension muscles, hyperreflexia, pyramidal symptoms.
The predominance of extrapyramidal effects are observed dystonia muscles, hyperkinesia athetoid type, stiffness, often violent weeping and laughter.
For the whole group for children with cerebral palsy is characterized by the gradual improvement of motor function, but a full recovery may never come.