Infantile cerebral paralysis

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Parental alcoholism is one of the factors of birth of children with cerebral palsy. The process that began in the perinatal period lasts for many years.
Cerebral palsy is a complex disease of the Central nervous system, leading to the motor, speech disturbances, and pathology of mental development. The majority of patients with a learning disability, 20-30% is unable to move and serve themselves.
According to M. B. Zucker (1965), this disease is characterized by two features: it is a residual manifestation of perinatal brain damage and has slowly regressing over.
Etiology and pathogenesis of cerebral palsy dedicated many works of domestic and foreign authors. Most of them acknowledge the etiology and most often thought of as the result of intrauterine destruction of the fetus by various factors. Y. I. Barashnev (1968, 1971) points to the existence of about 400 factors affecting normal intrauterine fetal development. For the formation of cerebral palsy in 70 - 80% of cases should influence of a complex of factors.
According to K. A. Semyonova (1961), Yu. A. Yakunin, E. I. Yam Polish, L. P. Zhurba (1968), 80% of brain damage occurs during the period of prenatal development and only 20% in the postnatal period.
According to B. N. Kosovskogo (1960), for the development of the fetus and newborn necessary not only normal conditions of pre-Natal development, and the usefulness of sex cells. The last change can be caused by chronic alcoholism mother and father.
Depending on the period of exposure factors Thalhamer (1953) distinguishes embryopathy - defeat of the embryo in the period of organogenesis, fetopathy - loss of fetus, and also congenital diseases, continuing postnatal. Moreover, the most severe cause pathological agents acting in the first two periods.
Kugelmass (1958) indicates that the most severe changes in the brain appear under the influence of various factors on 3-4 months embryo-fetal development.
P. G. Svetlov (1959) identifies three critical period, during which the fetus is most sensitive to the action of exogenous and endogenous hazards: 1st - period implantation (7-8-th day of pregnancy), 2nd - 3-6-week embryo-fetal development, 3rd - period placentation (8-13 week).
Consequently, there are many harmful factors causing irreversible changes in the Central nervous system of the fetus. Among them are: infection, intoxication, the incompatibility between the blood of the mother and fetus on RH factor or by blood group. Especially it is necessary to note alcoholism mother and father, the caller, except alcohol intoxication, poor diet, lack of vitamins, and stress affecting the formation of the fetus, as vasospasm uterus causes ischaemic disorders of the nervous system. Important role in the development of fetal brain damage play toxicosis of the first and second half of pregnancy. In women, suffering from alcoholism, they are more expressed and developed more often. Pathology of a generic period is marked at 53.5% of women suffering from chronic alcoholism (Artemchuk A. F., 1980). Often there are miscarriages and premature births, consequently, the possibility of birth of the injured, and in subsequent defective children also increased.
Thus, alcoholism, directly and indirectly affects the development of the Central nervous system of fetus and newborn, causing various pathological changes, in particular the development of cerebral palsy.