The task of kindergartens is to ensure the right to physical, moral and intellectual development of preschool children and to prepare them to teach in the school.
Children's gardens constructed on a standard project or open in adapted premises while respecting the requirements for sanitary-hygienic requirements - maximum insulation children groups from each other in order to prevent the spread of infectious diseases among children of different groups (separate entrances, separate group premises and sites on the territory of the kindergarten).
In 1959, it was decided to merge the crib and kindergartens in the United nursery school - kindergarten (see Nursery, kindergarten, where children are being brought up from 2-6 months to 7 years of age. Children in kindergarten are completed by groups (low, middle, senior and preparatory). In the kindergarten children are or only in the day time (10-12 hours), or around the clock, throughout the week, excluding holidays.
Kindergartens are in the budget of the Ministry of education or departments, enterprises, state farms, collective farms and other organizations.
The direction and supervision of teaching-educational work in kindergartens the agencies of the national education regardless of affiliation of the kindergarten. Monitoring of treatment-and-prophylactic assistance in all kindergartens, regardless of their departmental affiliation is carried out by bodies of public health. The nurses, kindergarten monitors compliance with sanitary and hygienic norms, routines, physical education and development, catering; periodically inspects children, identifies children with deviations in health, if necessary, insulate them from the groups before the arrival of the doctor or parents.
The nurse explains when taking children to kindergarten, what diseases the child suffered at home, whether he had had contact with infectious patients, examining a child gets acquainted with the data on the state of his health and others Under the supervision of a doctor nurse conducts preventive vaccinations, organizes and conducts the all tempering procedures, performs a prescription children in need of treatment in the kindergarten; monitors the inculcation of children hygiene practices. The nurses also monitors the fulfilment of sanitary regulations by the employees of the kindergarten and conducts among them and among the parents of sanitary-educational work. Maintenance of accounting and reporting of medical documentation is the responsibility of the nursing staff of the kindergarten. Child nutrition is organized taking into account age peculiarities; doctors and nurses monitor the nutrition of children, participate in the preparation of the menu, check the quality of food, prepared food and calorie daily diet of children.
The position of the head of the kindergarten are appointed persons with special pedagogical education and graduated from special medical courses. For children with defects of hearing, vision, speech, cognitive development, weak, sick with tuberculosis specialized sanatorium kindergartens.