Dezinficiruyusch tools

Dezinficiruyusch funds - various mechanical, physical and chemical means used for the destruction of arthropods. To protect people and animals from arthropods apply repellents (see).
Chemicals in their effect on the various arthropod, or at the stage of their development are divided into poisons against insect insecticides, ticks - acaricides, larvae - leitcode, against the eggs of insects and mites - ovaldi and chemosterilant-ture, i.e. substances that may lead to the death of populations of arthropods by sexual sterilization of individuals; attractants, or substances involving arthropods.
Used insecticides in the form Farrukh Dustov, powders, suspensions, emulsions, solutions, lures, aerosols, gases and vapors, pencils, Soaps, ointments, lotions, varnishes, paints.
Chemical dezinficiruyusch funds are classified by their chemical composition and synthesis into several groups: chlorinated hydrocarbons (including chlorinated terpenes), organophosphorus agents, carbamates, plant insecticides and other compounds with insecticidal properties.
To chlorinated hydrocarbons are: 1) hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH, or lindane), consisting of 8 isomers, and active is the gamma isomer; 2) the gamma isomer of HCH; 3) DDT. These drugs are insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents. The HCH and gamma isomer of HCH have contact, intestinal and fumigation action; DDT is poison contact action. The most toxic to insects of the gamma isomer of HCH. Apply for the destruction room flies, bed bugs, cockroaches, fleas, mosquitoes, ticks, moths, lice. Are used in the form of pastes, Farrukh Dustov, emulsions, concentrates, suspensions, Soaps, pencils, mastics, ointments, sprays. Hexachloran, unlike DDT and gamma-isomer, has a strong odor, and therefore is not recommended for impregnation of fabrics, solid processing of residential and business premises inside and food enterprises.
For struggle against insects rate DDT and HCH - 2-3 g ADV on 1 m2 surfaces, gamma isomer of HCH to 0.75-1 g per 1 m2; to combat mosquitoes larvae rate HCH - 0,1-0,3 kg/ha of the surface of a pond.
Chlorinated terpenes also belong to the group of chlorinated hydrocarbons are products of chlorination of turpentine and its fractions. These include polychlorine and polichlorcamfen produced by the industry in the form 65% of the concentrate. Are mainly used as larva-city to combat bedroom fly with consumption rate of 0.2 l 5% water emulsion per 1 m2 area well or cesspits.
Organophosphorus compounds have a strong selective effect - mostly more effectively to combat arthropods and less toxic to humans than chlorinated hydrocarbons.
This group dezinficiruyusch funds include: 1) DWF, or dimethyldichlorosilane,is a product of degidroholevaya hlorofosa; 2) karbofos; 3) methylnitrite; 4) trichloro-metaphos-3; 5) chlorophos. All these drugs in its pure form insoluble in water, except chlorophos, soluble in organic solvents. Issued by the industry in the form of 20-50% of concentrates, except chlorophos, which comes in the form of liquid drug, loose powder, chlorophenol paper. To fight the bugs, flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes are used water emulsions or solutions of drugs with consumption rate of 0,1 to 3 g ADV on 1 m2 surfaces. Chlorophos, DWF and karbofos are used to control flies and lures from molasses (molasses) and other
Carbamates are poisons contact and stomach action. This group includes sevigny and other Sevigny effective in controlling ants, cockroaches, flies, bed bugs, fleas, mosquitoes, and in respect of houseflies ineffective.
Pyrethrins are the most effective drugs from the group of plant insecticides. Applied in the form of powder, the consumption rate is 3-5 g on 1 m2. Synthetic pyrethrins (allethrin, Demetris, neodynamic and others) are not inferior to natural.
Other insecticides in the practice of disinfection which are used naftalina and Cresols mainly as larvicides with consumption rate of 4 to 12 l 20% aqueous solution of 1 m2 surfaces (depending on the thickness of the layer). Also used borax with bait to kill cockroaches and ants. To fight a cockroach use 70-75 g borax and 30-35 g of powdered sugar or 60 g borax, 20 g sugar powder and 20 grams of wheat starch.
To combat ants use 30 g borax, 400 grams of sugar, 100 grams of honey, 1 ml vanilla essence and 1.5 g pear essences; the mixture is cooked, pour 3-4 ml tube and put in places frequented by ants.
Apply aerosol containers, using them as insecticide DDT, DWF and pyrethrins for the destruction of flying insects (flies, mosquitoes, mosquitoes and other), the rate of consumption of 0.2-0.3 g ADV on 1 m3; against bugs and cockroaches coverage rate increased in 3-4 times.
When working with pesticides must observe safety precautions: use protective clothing (Bathrobe, rubber gloves, shoes), respirator or a gauze bandage with a cotton lining that covers the nose and mouth, glasses. With burning paper, impregnated dezinficiruyusch means, or sublimation of the latter, be sure to wear a gas mask.
Preparation of insecticides to work (preparation of emulsions, aerosol paper, lures, packing powders and so on) should be done in special premises at the open window, avoiding the draft, as otherwise the medication may get in large quantities on working. Tableware, in which bred drugs cannot be used for cooking, animals and the more people.
In case of poisoning, you must remove the victim from the premises, remove his clothing. Ingestion of insecticides to flush the stomach, then give saline laxative; in the poisoning of DDT and HCCH is useful sour milk or whey; in case of poisoning organophosphorus insecticide - 12-15% water suspension of activated charcoal on a half-glass again in 1 and 2 hours, 1% solution of baking soda (150 ml) or suspended water clean chalk. When injected poison into the eye must be washed them clean water and spoil the solution of sodium sulfatsila. In severe poisoning, hospitalization is indicated.
On mechanical and physical assets - see Disinsection.