Diagnostics and forecasting burns

When determining the severity of the condition burnt consider factors such as depth, breadth (lesions) and localization of the burn, and the age, type and initial state of the animal.
If the size of the surface of the burn is not difficult to determine, the depth of the defeat, especially with burns II and III level, to pinpoint possible only on 5-8th day when will happen the delimitation of necrotic tissue and will begin their exclusion. Therefore, in determining the degree burns in the first hours proceed from the following indicators.
Burns first degree coat is not burned down the entire length, the skin is slightly condensed and is very sensitive to external stimuli. On depigmentirovannah areas develops sharp hyperemia and a slight swelling of the skin.
At the II degree burns the skin is dense, sedentary places, when needlestick and palpation expressed pain. On the edge of the burn observed vpotevanie drops of serous fluid. In areas with sensitive skin may form bubbles In the area of burn in the first hours edema.
When the burn of the III degree, the skin becomes very dense, fixed and insensitive to external stimuli (palpation, the angle of the needle.) When moving the skin folds of fat-"bumps". In the area of the burn and on its circumference is developing large swelling.
Burns IV degree is charring of the affected area, and even body. The skin and underlying tissues become very dense, fixed and completely insensitive to external stimuli. On a separate affected places are formed deep cracks from which there is often bloody fat-like after.
Based on the fact that treatment burnt requires a long time and much effort veterinary workers, as well as certain material costs, which in extensive burns not always worthwhile believe that treatment should be subject to:
animals that received burns I and partially II degree;
animals that received deep burns on the area of Up to 5% of the body surface and in some cases (highly productive pedigree livestock) can be treated animals with deep burns on the area up to 10% of body surface.
To treat the animals with more extensive and deep burns economically inexpedient. Such animals should, if possible, before scoring and meat to use properly.
When determining the severity of lesions and deciding on the treatment of the animal must be considered localization burn. The disease usually is much harder when burns apply to the head, groin, genitals, udder and extremities. So, burns facial hot air affects the upper respiratory tract. As a result, as a rule, develop swelling of the mucous membrane of the larynx and trachea, which can lead to asphyxia. Subsequently can develop purulent-necrotic nature tracheitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.
It is extremely difficult proceed burns groin and genitals. Usually they are accompanied by a shock reactions and symptoms of intoxication. In the future, as a rule, is a disorder of urination, it is very hard tolerated. In these cases it is necessary to resort to catheterization, leaving catheter for a few days.
Burns udder deep cracks are formed. The process is often accompanied by suppuration and phenomena of sepsis and mastitis.
Burnt areas on the limbs quickly become dirty, develops rich resistant suppuration. In subsequent here are rough massive fixed scarring, which can lead to the development of stiffness, contractures, and even complete loss of limb function.
Deep extensive burns side of the chest can be complicated purulent pleurisy and pneumonia.
Age, initial state and animal species have particular significance in assessing the gravity of the defeat. So, the young are more difficult for him to burn than adult animals. They are more likely to develop shock and severe toxemia. Sheep and cattle are more sensitive to burn injury than horses and pigs. Quickly develop a deep General oppression, accompanied by weakness and long a lie. Animals undergoing before you burn various diseases, injuries (especially if they are accompanied by bleeding)and if they are in the last stages of pregnancy, is very sensitive to burn injury, they have a more severe course of burn disease.
When deciding on the treatment of the animal should be taken into account data such as the functional state of the cardiovascular system, organs of digestion and especially the kidneys.