Multilingual dialogues

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As multifaceted can be interpreted visible to the naked eye cloudy urine. It can be salt, floating strands of mucus, pus, giving first of all servings of milk kind and fast settling a thick layer on the bottom of the vessel. If you cook for analysis three bottles and fill them at one time for each other, it becomes clear, when pus: only the beginning, evenly or only with the last portions. And this indirectly indicates where the focus. If the kidney is all urine milky-white.
Dairy view gives it and excessive amounts of phosphates. Grayish turbidity from oxalates, reddish brick - from uric acid and its salts.
With urine analysis begins, as a rule, examination suspected kidney disease. In the laboratory under the microscope in test tubes, Petri dishes, centrifuges, use of chemicals, bacteriological and immunological methods are searching for answers to questions about the activity of the kidneys, about the situation in the nephrons, the scale of damage caused by disease, about its nature. Before the doctor emerges with many precise details. What information are the results of urine tests? Report her reaction (acidic or alkaline), fix findings, not covered in physiology.
A large number renal epithelial cells speaks about the defeat tubules, about the death of their cells. On the same point cylinders - various protein, which are formed as a result of certain changes in the cells of the tubules. Red blood cells make significant admixture of blood, invisible to the eye. And the white cells - white blood cells that fight bacteria indicate impurities pus. They appear directly from the inflammatory focus. If it isn't in the parenchyma, nor in bringing the ways, for the day by a special technique can "catch" not more than 2 millions of cells. In the General analysis of urine normally, they are absent or present in very small quantities - up to 5 field of view. The excess of these figures is a sign of inflammation in the urinary system. And the more cells, the more active, more inflammatory process. Very valuable evidence - live leukocytes, preserving biological potential. They call a special colouring.
Detection of cells makes the search for pathogens inflammation. They can be seen in the microscope and about (many, moderately slightly) to determine the number. And it is important to know them in person, to know the number and weaknesses. This has to go into other languages. The most informative of them - bacteriological, sowing on nutrient media. In laboratory cabinets microbes create the best conditions for development, so that the small number of representatives of some sort grow in the colony. They have already been easier to figure out who is who, calculate, how many were there, grandparents, and try what medications destructive for them and what doesn't.
All good bacteriological method, the only disadvantage is its slowness. Earlier, than in 2-3 days, no response wait. TB same Mycobacterium exposing themselves and slower after 1-2 weeks, and most definitely - in 2-2,5 months. That is why the increasing application is found with chemical Express-tests. After 6-8 hours they are quite objectively speak about activity of the inflammatory process, its location, sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics.
These analyses are used substances that change their color and precipitate in the presence of bacteria on their breathing. The time of appearance of the red sludge (from TTX - triphenyltetrazolium chloride, which is used most often) and its intensity depends on the number of bacteria. Created in the standard color scale, in which every shade and correlated with a number of bacteria.