Multilingual dialogues

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As simple and at the same time, a known drug susceptibility of pathogens in a given patient. In some sterile tubes to urine add TTX and every one of antibacterial drugs. If he will act on microbes, not blush or blush slightly. From this medicine (they are my ' em to be a number - the number of the remaining light tubes) can be expected therapeutic effect.
Valuable information is given to the study of protein supplements that appear in the urine in many diseases. Modern immunological tests allow you to sort proteins largest molecules. And in this contains the answer to the question about their origin. Macromolecular proteins, globulins, dug in the nephrons only through a damaged membrane of the glomeruli. This is a sign of glomerulonephritis and some other damage to the nephrons are not infectious-inflammatory nature. Proteins, small molecules, albumin, may in small numbers to pass from the blood through the membrane of the ball in the nephron, but tubules are obliged to return them to blood, and healthy kidneys remove them from the body very sparingly. At ordinary General, the analysis considered normal 0.03 grams of protein per litre. On the forms for shorthand is 0,03 mean ppm, a thousandth. If these figures rose to the unit, the doctor thinks of "tubular" protein, about infectious-inflammatory process in the parenchyma. "Glomerular" protein - globulins increases the numbers of tests much more. But this simple arithmetic is not so simple. I have to make allowances for the false-renal protein, which is a decay product of white cells and red blood cells that fall into the urine of inflammation or bleeding.
People had to stay in hospital familiar with such task: to measure daily quantity of urine. Do it for 3-4 days in a row that the results are not distorted by the accidents of food, quenching thirst. The simplest this study gives the first idea about the function of nephrons. And when it comes to kidney disease, need to know exactly how affected the performance of nephrons, what responsibilities become unsustainable. These questions clarify functional tests. The above measurement of the daily production rate operates a quantitative, and qualitative is more informative.
Again remember the hospital routine and easy but tedious duty whole day to collect what will produce the nephrons. Yes no how long, and "zimnitsky" - separately for every 3 hours. Usually sister brings in the morning to the house 8 bottles. First fill from 9 to 12 hours, the second - from 12 to 15, the third - from 15 to 18, and so on until 9 am the next morning, when measured each portion and its density. Will the numbers fluctuate within limits (the amount of 100 to 300 ml, density 1,005-1,025)is fine, as it should be, the nephrons in good faith priravnivaetsya to diet and do not confuse day and night. Worse, if all portions equal in volume and density. So, decreased concentration ability tubules. And quite bad if equality is that the volume of each portion of the more than 300 milliliters, and the density everywhere not above 1,005.
Just 2 columns in the questionnaire, compiled Kazan Clinician S. S. Zimnitski for nephrons, and from them we get a straight answer on the merits of their most important functions carried out at the end of their plot.
For judgments about the other important direction of activity of nephrons - allocation products of nitrogen metabolism request data from the blood. Questions are asked in the language of biochemistry. If there is increased against the normal amount of residual nitrogen, it means that the kidneys are not satisfactory, and should not only treat their basic disease, but also to try to alleviate their work in maintaining homeostasis - the constancy of the internal environment of the body.