Diarrhea in children

Diarrhea in children, as in adults,is a manifestation of acute and chronic disorders of the digestive functions of the gastrointestinal tract. The cause of diarrhea in children are often intestinal infections, nutritional overload, congenital enzyme deficiency intestines. In children of early age due to the lack of function of the gastrointestinal tract diarrhea can be a manifestation of parenteral dyspepsia if pneumonia, otitis, influenza and other infections. Diarrhea in children can be divided into infectious and non-infectious.
Infectious diarrhea in children of early age is most often caused by pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, pathogens of dysentery, staphylococci, enteroviruses. Cal usually acidic reaction with plenty of water and mucus, sometimes frothy. Its color is yellow, orange or dark green. The blood found volatile. In older children causes of infectious diarrhea are often the amebiasis, an intestinal tuberculosis, chronic dysentery. With age, the share of parenteral dyspepsia and nutritional diarrhea decreases. The latter arise mainly when eating unripe fruits, vegetables, sweets and fatty foods. Infectious diarrhea in children older remind the clinical picture of hemorrhagic colitis - first liquid stool, and then poor bowel movements with abundant admixture of mucus, pus, blood.
Non-infectious diarrhea in children of early age develop during breast food, not age-appropriate and functional possibilities of the gastrointestinal tract, of lactose intolerance cow's milk, exudative catarrhal enteropathy (loss plasma proteins through the intestinal wall), through the use of a child of a large number of sugar. Unlike infectious diseases, non-infectious diarrhea origin are characterized by less pronounced inflammatory reaction of the gastrointestinal tract. Bowel movements may have a more normal appearance, contain large amounts of undigested food particles, magnesium and calcium salts of fatty acids, neutral fats. During increase of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract becomes watery feces, and the accession of secondary infection and inflammatory nature. Non-infectious diarrhea in children of older age can be a manifestation of celiac disease, cystic fibrosis of the pancreas, hyperthyroidism. Semiotics diarrhea for such conditions is determined by the nature of enzymatic disorders and motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Cal with a high content of undigested fat grains of starch, muscle fibers notes when enteral form of cystic fibrosis; rich, frothy, foul-smelling - celiac disease; watery and more frequent - with ray.
Treatment for diarrhea in children is associated with relief of the underlying disease that caused the violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Subject to compulsory hospitalization of children with dysentery, diarrhea, proceeding with toxemia, and gastrointestinal diseases (even light and heavy forms) in immunocompromised children (rickets, wasting, anaemia, premature birth , and so on). Patients suffering from diarrhea due to infectious gastro-intestinal diseases (even light and heavy forms), will be hospitalized at impossibility to comply with the house of sanitary and anti-epidemic activities (absence of isolated apartments, the other children in the apartment, and others).
Cm. also Amoebiasis, Dysentery, Dyspepsia, If infection, Colitis, Paratyphoid, Enteritis, enterocolitis.

In infancy diarrhea are common symptom of diseases of the digestive tract and other organs and more often in summer.
However, the summer diarrhea no particular nosological forms. They meet and in other times of the year. These include diarrhea dyspepsia, dysentery, kalenteri that in the summer heat with a lack of child care and the absence of proper hygienic conditions of supply can be more difficult to meet more often and to give greater lethality. Under these circumstances simple dyspepsia (see) easier it becomes toxic.
Many authors explain the frequent appearance of diarrhea diseases in children unfinished development (maturity) of the digestive organs of the child. However, the concept of "immaturity" of this or that body is relative. If the child is fed food is not appropriate to his age opportunities, develops digestion disorder - diarrhea, often accompanied by vomiting. In those cases, when the child was previously dystrophy or any disease, even small fluctuations in the amount of food, or its quality is sufficient to cause P. Diarrhea in children are also at a number of infections (influenza, pneumonia, meningitis, and others) - parenteral dyspepsia. The big influence is impaired motor function of the intestine.
Prevention of diarrhea in children mainly comes down to improving the cultural and living conditions (housing, health care, proper nutrition, and the mode of the child). An important role is played by the sanitary and educational work.