Dicroceliosis


Lancet Fluke: 1 - oral suction Cup; 2 - the esophagus: 3 - abdominal sucker; 4 - testes; 5 - ovary; b - the uterus; 7 - sexual hole.

Dicroceliosis - helminthiasis of the liver and gall bladdercaused by the trematode Dicrocoelium lanceatum (Lancet Fluke). The length of the parasite 5-15 mm, width 1 to 2.5 mm (Fig). Eggs with a thick shell size 0,038-0,045x0,022-0,030 mm. In the stage of puberty parasitizes in the bile ducts and gall bladder large and small cattle and other mammals, and occasionally in humans. The intermediate hosts some of terrestrial molluscs, additional hosts - ants.
Infection dicroceliosis happens when you swallow food ants. Helminths injure the fabric, products of their metabolism sencibilisiruet the body. The bile ducts when dicroceliosis expanded, their walls were thickened, epithelium able hyperplasia. Clinically dicroceliosis occurs when events cholangitis, biliary dyskinesia, rarely chronic hepatitis.
Diagnosis detection in Calais and duodenal juice eggs of helminths. In Calais people meet and the so-called transit eggs caught by eating the affected dicroceliosis liver of cattle and passed without change through the stomach and intestines.
Diagnosis of dicroceliosis only reliable detection of eggs after exclusion from food liver within 7 to 10 days.
Treatment emetinom or Haloxylon. Injected under the skin to 1.5 ml of 2% solution emetina hydrochloride 2 times a day cycles of 3 days; the interval between cycles 4 days; is just 4-5 cycles.
Haksil (hexachlorparaxylol) assign inwards in a daily dose of 0.15 g per 1 kg of body weight of the patient (adult 9-10 g) with milk in three doses after meals for 2 days.
Prevention. Protection of food from ants, fighting dicroceliosis animals. Cm. also the Trematodozov.