The influence of some biological factors on the overall level of health of centenarians

  • The type of higher nervous activity
  • From among the biological factors were highlighted heredity, the type of higher nervous activity and consequences of illness.
    Pages: 1 2
    The disease. The dependence of long-term health of people on the nature of the illnesses experienced in the past.
    On morbidity surveyed was reflected especially in the period in which they lived. In the years of their youth and adulthood was raging epidemic infectious diseases such as cholera, smallpox, tifa, was a high incidence of malaria and tuberculosis. Among persons aged 80 years and over, there were those who in the past had smallpox (4.1 per cent). In the long history often noted rheumatism or arthritis (15,2%). However, this diagnosis requires a critical attitude. Among the surveyed a lot of people, who for many years suffered from hypertensive disease (6,2%); 480 people (3%) suffered a cerebral stroke, and 50 - myocardial infarction.
    Analysis of the obtained data indicates that many of those who attained longevity in the past suffered a number of serious illnesses, which undoubtedly influenced the health status of these people. In addition, some people in history was noted complex abdominal or bone surgery (9,2%), severe injuries of bones and joints, head (8,6%), nervous breakdown - the loss of loved ones, natural disaster (8,5%). Very rare findings were saying disease stomach and duodenal ulcers (0.7%) and syphilis (0,2%), due not only to their relatively low prevalence among the General population, but with a significant burden of these diseases and serious consequences, which had been ill not live to see the long years of age.
    These materials allow to detect significant differences in the frequency of diseases depending on gender and age. The higher incidence identified among women and those age. Data related to the USSR, are given in table. 44.
    First of all evidence that in the past many years women were ill more often than men of the same age, are coordinated and largely explain the worst health status, as mentioned above. Special attention is required for the investigation of susceptibility to disease, and the likelihood of complications of various diseases in men and women at a younger age, as may depend on their frequency in the long history of people.
    Scarce materials on the prevalence of epidemic diseases related to old years show higher morbidity and mortality of men compared with women.
    Low incidence of long-livers in comparison with those of the age, both among men and among women is likely to be due to the fact that until the age of 90 years and more often live those who were healthy throughout life. There is no reason to think that there is an electoral incidence of representatives of these age groups belonging to adjacent generations, which differ from each other only in 10-15 years. The obtained data confirm a fairly close link between the availability and frequency of illness and the health condition of many years of people.
    This conclusion is supported under the second scenario study the issue. Mapped two groups of people - ill and not bolevshim the above diseases. Control was practically healthy persons To obtain comparable data were compared to the indicators in groups of men and women of the same age (80-89 years). It turned out that nebolisa age health is better than those undergoing one or another disease (table. 45).