Social and biological health of centenarians

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The basis of the complex approach to the analysis of various characteristics of the health status of centenarians has been put forward by us the hypothesis of continuity of social and biological aspects. As indicated above, the General index of social health, reflecting the level of relationship longevity with the environment, served as a General medical health assessment. As for the biological health, for his scores were offered little used to date criteria to judge about some of constitutionally due to the properties of the body of centenarians. Among them are such factors as age at onset of signs of old age and age at birth of the last child, as well as a quantitative criterion - the number of teeth, preserved by the time of the survey. However, we have assumed that the long-lived, due to their specific functional features of objective and subjective signs of aging occur somewhat later than other people. In this regard, the mentioned indicators of biological health was assessed positively by those surveyed who reported feeling old age after 80 years, which saw the birth of the last child aged 50 years and older and preserved more than half of all teeth.
The reliability of the assessment grades for the persons, referred to the troupe of the healthy or the other group ("seriously ill" and "old"), was confirmed on the basis of correlation analysis in comparison with private health indicators used in the expert evaluation. It is established that the General level of health in the most dependent on the security of such vital to the old man's features, like the ability to move and serve themselves without assistance. At least this dependence is shown in relation to participation in domestic work, the security interest in the events surrounding world and well-being. The data given in table. 41, refer to the 446 centenarians Poltava region that has long relatives.
As has shown the analysis of the obtained results, there is a high positive correlation between social and biological health. Found a link between overall long-term health of people and certain indicators, indirectly characterizes the pace and the stage of biological aging: age of first signs of old age, age expressed attenuation of genital function (cessation of menstruation in women and sexual potency in men), the age of the birth of the last child, and some other.
So, at long people who later began to feel the approach of old age, often remains good physical and mental health. They move over long distances, they show interest in current events, more contact, they are better preserved the ability to self-service, etc.,
The study data about 18 000 long USSR both sexes showed that people with high health assessment among celebrating very late the first signs of aging (after reaching 80 years) is much higher (1.5-2 times)than among those who started relatively early age (60 years) (table. 42).
A special place is occupied by those centenarians who did not feel the elderly and in the time of the survey could not, and to note any specific signs of aging. Among them it seemed almost 85% (!) healthy people. Obviously, this group represent a very small proportion (about 4%) of people 80 years and older, there is a category of physiological ageing of people and age of the subjective feelings of the precursors of old age can be considered as one of its criteria.