Dracunculiasis

dracunculiasis
Removing helminth

Dracunculiasis (Guinea-worm disease) - a disease caused by a round helminth Dracunculus medinensis. Female reaches a length 32-120 cm in width 0,5 - 1,7 mm
Adult dracunculus parasites in humans, less common in dogs, cats, monkeys and other; larvae - shrimp-Cyclops. Young males and females live in deep tissues of the body. Fertilized females migrate into the subcutaneous tissue, often in the legs. The secret head of the glands of female causes the formation on the skin of the bubble diameter 2-7 see When in contact with water, the bubble bursts is broken and fabric females; the larvae go into the water. Swollen crustaceans-Cyclops larvae in his body at a temperature 23-28° become invasive through 6 to 14 days. The person catches, swallowing Cyclops with raw water. From the human intestine larvae through the lymph system through 43-48 days enter the tissue. Full sexual development of dracunculus ends in a year. The proliferation of Guinea worm disease is associated with unsanitary conditions, lack of water supply and sanitation.
In the USSR there was a hotbed of Guinea worm disease in Bukhara, in 1932, he was eliminated. The disease begins through 9-14 months. after infection with the development of allergic phenomena. In the formation of bubbles in the joints develop synovitis, contractures and ankylosis of the joints. Result in a secondary infection formed an abscess, phlegmon, developed gangrene and even sepsis. The diagnosis is based on detection on the skin at the site of parasitism of dracunculus well marked soromenho roller, as well as on the results of immunological reactions. Treatment is carried out by careful recovery of the parasite from the tissues (Fig) in compliance with the rules upgrades. Assign inside diphenhydramine 0.05 g 3 times a day.
Prevention of Guinea worm disease is to improve sanitary conditions, arrangement of a modern water supply, the prohibition of drinking water from open standing water, health education.