At a dyskinesia violated proper coordination and consistency of the movements of the small intestine. As a result, as a rule, considerably accelerates the advancement of its content from proximal to distal part (hypermotor dyskinesia). The latter leads to a significant reduction of time (incubation) contact food masses with enzymes and failure as abdominal and wall digestion.
Dyskinesia of the small intestine almost always accompany organic her disease and are less independent functional diseases.
The cause of psoriasis of the small intestine as the main disease is the change of the nervous regulation associated with long-term violation of the diet, a genetic predisposition, a busy lifestyle.
The diagnosis of a dyskinesia of the small intestine is very difficult. For its reliable approval requires two conditions: the exclusion of organic lesions of the small intestine and disaccharidase deficiency and the establishment of the existence of violations of the motor activity of the small intestine. The latter is achieved by using x-ray examinations (B. M. stern, 1966), as well as detection in Calais undigested remnants of food.
For the clinical picture of a dyskinesia of the small intestine characterized by periodic not very sharp abdominal pains without clear localization, sometimes diarrhea, but more often semi-liquid stools, progressive weight loss despite a good appetite. The General condition of patients is usually satisfactory.
In the treatment of dyskinesia essential clinical nutrition, which aims to reduce motor activity of the small intestine. Food is given in mashed form, hot, 4-5 times a day, easily digestible (boiled meat, chicken, cereal, jellies, fruit juices, vegetables boiled). Of drugs recommended anticholinergic drugs (arpenal, gangleronum, kvataron), bellaid. In severe cases, you can assign a short term (5-8 days) tincture of opium for 4-6 drops 3-4 times a day before meals.