Eczema is the most common disease of the skin. It affects all age groups: sick infants, adults, the elderly, women, men. Eczema (from the Greek word "boiled") - prolonged inflammatory disease of the body, characterized by frequent relapses and exacerbations, it is characterized by the diversity of discharge chute elements.
Of the numerous theories as to the causes and course of eczema, the most acceptable theory neurogenic its origin. Eczematous reaction was one of the complex pathological reactions, set its nature sometimes it is very difficult, in each individual case of eczema have to make great efforts to its elucidation.
From external factors conducive to the manifestation of eczema, you should pay attention to injury, in particular, scratches, friction bandages, etc. Significant role in these cases played by external agents, who in most cases themselves can be harmless, but if you have altered reactivity of the organism cause eczematous reaction. These stimuli are also different chemical substances (iodoform, novocaine, antibiotics, various dyes).
The same agent, any chemical substance from one person calls skoroprechodaschie dermatitis, others caused by these agents reaction is held firmly. The affected area is covered polymorphic rash, sometimes with a General phenomenon - malaise, fever, a sense of stinging and itching at the site of the lesion. Captured by the process of land is gradually increasing, in some places before that healthy skin soon there are pockets of new eruptions. Gradually, the process takes chronic. It happens that an external agent - allergen causes eczema not immediately but after some time after his long Association with one or another part of the body.
Besides the external factors are also important internal causes: incorrect metabolism, endocrine disorders, inflammatory processes in organs. Therefore, eczema is a disease of the skin, but also the entire body.
The appearance of eczema, again, the leading role is played by disorders of the Central nervous system. The beginning and significant worsening of eczema often observed after a strong stress, noted the coincidence of eczema with nervous diseases. However, it should be noted that if the violations of the Central nervous system can cause eczema, in turn long eczematous process, acting negatively on the nervous system that can contribute to the emergence of various neurotic condition.
The symptomology. Eczema is considered as the result of inflammation of the epidermis and the dermis. Clinically, this is expressed by the formation of the skin inflammation and swelling, against this background consistently there are a variety of eruptions in the form of nodules, vesicles, pustules. Along with these rashes can be and erosion, peel, scales, cracks, they all are accompanied it easy, if not the strongest itching.
Distinguish several stages of development of eczema. Erythematous stage is characterized by appearance of the skin diffuse redness without defined borders, swelling, burning, papular or nodular stage; erythematous skin background appear small, the size of millet grain, nodules, located without any order, often merging the maenad themselves. Nodules eczema surface, have a bright red color, accompanied by itching and burning sensation. The next stage of eczema - bubble. On a red background of the skin along with knots bubbles the size of a pinhead, with clear content, sometimes merged together. From scratches and minor injuries bubbles, which are the most typical symptoms of eczema, are broken down and turn into the small round shapes erosion. Bubbles, located on the palms and soles, where stratum corneum more developed lie deeper than they appear, like all small grain and harder opened.
Weeping stage of eczema is characterized revealed bubbles that form the so-called eczema wells. The affected skin area dotted with erosions that produce droplets serous, rich fibrin liquid. Sometimes blisters filled with purulent content. Then from damaged pustules allocated more turbid liquid, rich purulent cells.
When cortical stage detachable vesicles and pustules shrinking in thin or thick crust. Under the crust begins to regenerate the stratum corneum.
Stage peeling follows the cortical. The skin starts to peel small or large plates-scales. The favorable outcome skin gradually fades and takes its normal color, subjective sensations disappear. In General eczematous elements in healing leave persistent skin changes. Only some time on the ground inflammation probed infiltration, discoloration of the skin and timeline pigmentation. However, not all patients with eczema are necessarily expressed all these stages. Rational treatment erythematous stage can go directly to the peeling, without the development stage soak, sometimes after inflammatory-erythematous phase begins immediately after the formation of bubbles.
Typical features of eczema are frequent relapses, multiple flash in one, in other institutions, and also in far distant from the primary lesion places, indicating the increased reactivity of the organism. Almost always acute eczema becomes chronic. With long-term processes of the skin on eczematous places coarsens, the epidermis thickens, normal folds and furrows leather act boldly, the skin becomes dry, wrinkled, takes sometimes cyanotic color, pigmentnaya, is developing the so-called licensure.
There are several clinical types of eczema.

  • Seborrheic eczema
  • Seksitarina microbial varicose eczema
  • Treatment and prevention of eczema