Enterovirus infection

Diseases of which will be discussed under this section, studied recently, although they are widely distributed and about the existence of some of them has been known for over 100 years. True viral nature of their installed just about 20 years ago. This is one of the achievements of modern Virology.
Agents described infections called enteric viruses (enteroviruses, as they are in the bowels of the patient and stand out with its feces. Early in the disease they also inhabit the mucous membrane of the pharynx. While in the gut, enteroviruses are not always the cause of his defeat. More often they are the cause common diseases, which in various forms with different external signs. These diseases are called enterovirus infections.
The causative agents of some of these infections are called Coxsackie virus at the place where they were first allocated in the settlement Coxsackie near new York). Later opened another group of intestinal viruses, which received a peculiar name "enteric viruses-the orphan" or, in abbreviated form, the first letters of the English alphabet, - ECHO. This name was given to them because, first, the role of these viruses in causing human disease was unknown: they were "not in business", the homeless. However, it turned out that they behave is "not sirotski"and causes a number of infections are prone to a wide epidemic spread. Although his given name is clearly unsuccessful, it is firmly established in science.
Various enterovirus infection have the following common features. The spread of the infection occurs mainly through airborne droplets, i.e. the mucus droplets ejected from exhaled air during the talk, cry, cough and so on, Infection can occur through fecal sick as intestinal bacterial infections (for example, dysentery).
The ease of spread of pathogens airborne causes rapid and wide spread of these diseases. Enterovirus outbreak occur, usually in the summer months.
Infection only in part of the cases leads to the development of pronounced disease. A very frequent occurrence is the carrier of viruses: pathogens survive in the human body, the latter makes it into the environment, being on a par with sick source of infection.
After suffering enterovirus diseases, as well as, apparently, and after infection occurring in the form of carriage, remains more or less pronounced immunity. The result is that adults rarely get sick because their immunity protects purchased in the past. So, the enterovirus infection mainly childhood diseases. In the children's team they can occur in the form of outbreaks covering for a short time, a significant proportion of children.
Symptoms can be very diverse. General are only a feverish state, the fast and the purity of the current.
Often the disease is manifested in the form of so-called serous meningitis - benign inflammation of the meninges. He proceeds rapidly, but short-term, usually without leaving any consequences.
Not less often enteroviral infection caused by the Coxsackie virus, is characterized by fever, accompanied by the typical sign - strong muscle pain (in the muscles of the chest, abdomen, rarely in the muscles of the back and extremities). This so-called epidemic mialgia (muscle pain). Sometimes such patients misdiagnosed appendicitis, pleurisy or flu, which often stupid muscle pain. Of course, if mialgia occurs simultaneously in the form of flash have a few children of the same team, correct recognition easier.
The next common form of enteroviral infections - the herpes sore throat. It is characterized by the development of inflammatory changes in the shed with the appearance on the mucous membrane of herpes small transparent bubbles like those that occur on the lips at various febrile illnesses.
Frequent form, caused by different intestinal viruses is the fever lasting 2-4 days and do not contain any other characteristic features. It is conventionally called minor illness. It is often mistakenly recognized as influenza. Nothing to do with the flu, she certainly has not. In children, especially young age, enteroviruses can cause catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and intestinal disorders.
Among very rare forms of these infections should defeat the spinal cord and brain, sometimes with the development of paralysis.
Due to the short duration and benign course when these diseases in most cases there is no need in specific, highly effective methods of treatment. The treatment is carried out by the usual rules in accordance with the features of disease.
Prevention of enterovirus infections is done by the same rules as prevention of influenza: the organization of proper hygiene regime in institutions, in particular a thorough airing early isolation of patients and so on, also considering the possibility of transmission through discharge of the patient intestines and media, you need to take the measures recommended in intestinal infections: to disinfect patient selection and items that may be contaminated, to monitor the cleanliness of hands, to observe hygiene rules for food storage and preparation of food, fight flies etc.