The clinical picture of epilepsy and seizures during alcoholic intoxication

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According to P. X. Velikaia (1973), there are two points of view on the causes of seizures in alcoholism. According to the first they are associated with the presence of a hidden epilepsy, high sudorojna preparedness, and the second with the effect of alcohol as a convulsive poison. The author has revealed convulsive syndrome in 12.7% of patients with alcoholism, of which 4,5% convulsions purely alcoholic Genesis.
When alcohol epilepsy personality changes alcohol type, frequency of seizures varies from 1 to 3 per year. Epilepsy caused by alcoholism, traits epilepsy, seizures noted more often, and some convulsive symptoms develop before the disease of alcoholism.
Electroencephalographic changes in alcoholic epilepsy indicate symptomatic disease: irregular Delta activity, sharp waves, spades, rarely complexes peak-wave 2, reduced voltage of biopotentials.
Usually teenagers drink alcohol regularly, high doses, in the company of teenagers or adults. Seizures and convulsions provokes alcohol or they arise from the presence of predisposition to epilepsy or as a result of acute alcohol poisoning. In the latter case, the attacks are detailed character with severe convulsive component and is often fatal, and in the first there are all kinds of seizures in epileptic origin - large, small, night, twilight state, automatisms, aphasia, agnosia, and so on, EEG Changes typical for epilepsy.
The development of epilepsy in children growing up in the family of alcoholics can be caused by alcohol parents before and during pregnancy. According to M. Century Romanov (1979), 14.4 per cent of children born from parents of alcoholics (both or one of them), develops seizures. C. N. Ilyin et al. (1978) in alcoholism fathers or both parents epilepsy was observed in 32.6% of the children. E. Century Borisov, L. P. Vasilevskaya (1981) described convulsions in infants, the nurse of which are regularly used alcohol. The authors pointed to the inadmissibility of reception of beer, wine lactating women to increase the number of breast milk, as in children, there may be a concern, and often convulsive seizures.
According to N. E. Butorina, N. , Movchan (1978), with regular alcohol use in adolescents appear typical epileptic traits: aggressive, vicious, cruel.
Even with high doses of alcohol in a child may come acute alcohol poisoning with primary Central nervous system, resulting in loss of consciousness and seizures clonicotonic nature. Some acute alcohol poisoning ends tragically.
A. I. Boldyrev (1984) found a clear link between alcohol consumption and seizures, disappearing after discontinuation of alcohol intoxication. Epileptic syndrome may occur with chronic alcoholism in the form of symptomatic epilepsy and alcohol epilepsy. Up to 20 years alcoholic epilepsy is not developed, so as to form it promotes long-term alcohol consumption. In extremely rare cases, it may manifest in a single impact of alcohol on immature child's brain. C. I. Silkroute (1951) described a boy of 11 years who develops seizures with lockjaw and amantini syndrome after large amounts of alcohol. A. I. Boldyrev (1967) observed a child 12 years of age, who after accidentally drunk large amounts of alcohol, there were severe toxicosis, and then frequent polymorphic seizures epileptic nature degradation of personality.
Thus, epilepsy in children whose parents suffer from alcohol abuse occurs quite often. Epilepsy caused by alcohol, may develop in adolescents addicted to it, especially if you have a genetic predisposition or otherwise. Taking this into account, we consider necessary to give a brief clinical characteristics of the seizures.