Erisipeloid

erisipeloid photoErisipeloid (synonym: erisipeloid of Rosenbach, swine erysipelas) is an infectious skin disease caused by Bacillus swine erysipelas. Infection occurs when working with meat, fish, poultry, especially when injections skin of fish bone.
Erisipeloid more often seen in Myasnikov, workers abattoirs, as well as at home mistresses.
After incubation period (1-2 days) in the place of damage to the skin, most often on fingers, you receive a limited spot of red color from 1-2 up to 5-10 cm in diameter. Spot gradually increased, in the heart fades, and on periphery becomes bluish-red colour. After 2-3 weeks, it slowly disappears, leaving no trace.
Almost half of patients may experience swelling and tenderness of the joints, continuing sometimes long-term, the increase of regional lymph nodes, a slight fever (temperature 37-37,5 degrees). After suffering erisipeloid possible relapse and reinfection. Of faces (see) erisipeloid differs slow development of rashes, low intensity of General phenomena and distinctive history.
Treatment: broad-spectrum antibiotics (tetracycline 0.1 g, erythromycin 0.1 g 4-6 times a day for 7-10 days, and others); local 20-30% Ichthyol ointment, ultraviolet irradiation in erythermal doses.
Prevention: prevention of minor injuries at work meat - and fish factories (automation of production, work clothes), and immediate processing of skin injuries 2% alcoholic iodine solution, fluid Novikov and other disinfectants.

Erisipeloid (erysipeloid, from the Greek. erysipelas - face and eidos - view; synonym: erythema serpens, pseudoerysipelas, erisipeloid of Rosenbach, swine erysipelas) is an infectious skin disease caused by Bact. rhusiqpathiae suis. Erisipeloid affects mainly of persons having contact with stale meat animals, fish, birds, with raw Hides and products of slaughterhouse waste (animal glue).
The causative agent of erysipeloid penetrates the skin in the place scratch, shot, cut. After 1-2 days after infection, around an injury occurs erythematous spot. It has gradually increased. Peripherals spots of a bright red colour and slightly raised, the center of his paler has a bluish hue and slightly drops in. Patients notice unpleasant feeling of tension of the skin. Erisipeloid usually observed on the skin of the fingers, rarely wrists and forearms. Often are involved in pathological process joints of the fingers, then the joints swell up, back pain occurs. Arthritis differ torpid course. Erisipeloid usually runs at normal temperature, rarely accompanied subfebrile and only when multiple rashes are chills, fever and headache. Lymphangitis and tendonitis when erisipeloid are very rare.
Histopathology: swelling of the epidermis, the dermis, and sometimes and subcutaneous tissue. Perivascular infiltrates consist of lymphocytes, grouped around the sweat glands and nerves of the skin, often degenerative changed. In the epidermis acanthosis. Erisipeloid - benign disease, all signs disappear in 2-3 weeks after the occurrence. However phenomena arthralgia sometimes persist for longer. Erisipeloid often recurs; it should be differentiated from the faces chronic migratory erythema annulare.
Treatment: penicillin 50 000 UNITS every three hours (at the rate of 800 000 - 1 000 000 IU), casing novocaine blockade by A. C. Vishnevskaya.
Prevention of erysipeloid lies in the immediate treatment of any injuries 2% alcoholic iodine solution.