Relay Race Of Hippocrates

Architect Nikon, in Asia minor, in the city of Pergamum, the man known and influential, once had a dream. The vision was so vivid, memorable, he took him by divine suggestion, commanding them to send their son to the service of medicine. And although their kind did not belong to the family of hereditary asclepiades, and the architect himself was fond of mathematics and natural science, he decided to accept the advice received during sleep.
The son of Claudius, who was born in 129 year, sooner discovered literary talent, the propensity to study philosophy. But, in obedience to the will of the father, the young man went to the Asklepion hometown to study medicine.
He was eagerly accepted the wisdom of his mentors, who were doctors of different schools, different directions, after you have moved their lessons from Pergamum in Myrrh, and from there to Alexandria.
Nine years Galen traveled, improved knowledge and finally returned home. He was made a doctor of gladiators. According to custom, this work gave a year, but the practice Galen was good, and he received his office four more times.
But big city inspired him to try his luck. The fate of the patron of Galen and in Rome. He delivered from malaria illustrious compatriot, until then, been treated unsuccessfully with other doctors, and opened the doors of the most influential houses.
It is difficult to say why he became wealthy and renowned specialist, threw best practice and returned to Pergamos. On the way home he was driving through the Campaign, Cyprus, Palestine, constantly adding to their knowledge of medicine. Two years later, the Emperor called Galen in Rome and offered to accompany him in a military campaign. Galen refused to speak with the army and stayed in Rome at the Imperial heir to the Commode.
Died all Galen in 201 year. According to some sources - in Rome, on the other - in the homeland.
The doctor who was patronized by the rich and the family of the Emperor, worked very hard. He wrote the book, detailed volume that should know medic, if he undertakes to treat the patient. All that was known from its predecessors, which were observed and studied himself, was the content of the books in the past. Almost four hundred works, a kind of encyclopedia of medical knowledge at the time.
A doctor from Pergamos claimed anatomy and physiology should form the basis of scientific medicine. Now it is a truism, but it had to be proved. Galen and tried to do it.
He was the first to start a completely new stage in the research - experimentation on animals, in order to penetrate the mystery of life processes occurring in the body. Tying up the spinal cord pigs at the level of the first and second vertebrae, Galen watched instant death of the animal. When damaged spinal cord at the height of the third and fourth vertebrae, saw stopped breathing. The voice of the animal weakened or completely disappeared after nerve transection providing work of the larynx.
In the V century B.C. Hippocrates not yet allocated nervous system in the human body. The difference between the nerves and tendons established Aristotle. The famous philosopher successfully engaged and medicine. Accused of atheism, banished from Athens, Aristotle died in 322 year BC. As for Galen, he already had a generally good understanding of the structure and meaning of the nervous system.
"Doctors firmly established, he did conclusion, that without nerve there is no part of the body, no movement, called arbitrary, and not a single feelings." There is a strong link between the nerves and the person's ability to see, to hear, to differentiate smells.
Galen continued the study of the brain, its anatomic structure and functions. He described in detail the device of the meninges, the veins of the brain, one of which is named after him.
Many predecessors Galen were convinced that the person thinks, feels, moves through the heart. Galen refused this perverse view. Experiences convinced him that the center of thinking, voluntary movements and sensations is the brain. He even ventured was that by layer-by-layer removal of parts of the brain to detect their role and the dependence on these different functions of the organism. Such research was launched seventeen centuries later, and can be considered to evaluate the breadth of ideas Roman scholar.
Analyzed whether Galen human corpses? Once he saw in Alexandria skeletons of the two thieves, deprived of their burial. Galen called the MiG "happy". He, like other doctors, had to be content with dead animals, because the religious laws of his time condemned the dissection of a dead body. Many anatomical and physiological knowledge, which gave him the experiments on animals, Galen carried on the person. This is the source of errors and inaccuracies in his writings.
Corrected them not soon - after nineteen hundred years. But about this later.
The movement is notified of anatomy and physiology of the works of Hippocrates, Gerofila, Erasistratus and Galen out that branch of medicine at the only correct way of experienced research. Before it opened a green light for further development.
But this did not happen. The story turned so that the precious anatomical discoveries deliberately forgotten. Green lights to show that the way is clear changed to a red danger signal. Movement in science slowed and stopped. For a long time, for centuries.
Squads of the ancient world was going under the old his banner, not in order to win, and to win them before the new banner. So figuratively defined transition to the historical events of the beginning of a new era of Alexander Herzen.
New banners belonged to the army of Christ. What they brought to the world of science?