Natural feeding the child's first year of life

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The best food for the baby is mother's milk. Breast milk is wonderfully adapted to the peculiarities of digestion and metabolism child's first months of life. It is the ideal food product and contains all the necessary substances for proper development of the child. Therefore it is very important that every mother has weaned her child breast milk [Ladoga K. S. and others, 1986; Fateyeva E. M. and others, 1986; Ott C. D., 1987].
To ensure sufficient lactation is important to consider many aspects. A very important question about the first attachment of the child to the breast. First feeding of healthy newborn reasonable conduct in 1-2 h after birth; this should take into account both the state of the child and the mother's health. The majority of authors believe that an early start baby to the breast increases lactation in mothers and positive effect on the newborn [Razumovsky I. N., 1980, 1981; Arons B. N. and others, 1982; Elizarov, I. P. and others, 1984].
In these studies it was shown that early initiation of children to the breast within the first hour after birth, and later every 3.5 hours - had a positive impact on the status of women in labour, involution postpartum uterine and function of lactation. In blood puerperas were increased prolactin levels, increasing the number and duration of milk production; in the blood of newborns show increased levels of immunoglobulins G and M, properdin and complement. With the first portions of colostrum child receives a significant number of lysozyme, secretory immunoglobulin A, bifidogenic and other factors that contributes to the timely selection of protective micro-organisms that make up the normal microflora of the intestines [Shvartsman Ya s and Hasenson L. B., 1978]. All this provides high immunologic resistance of children and reducing the incidence of disease within the first year of life. It was also noted that early attachment to the breast is a factor of prevention of hyperbilirubinemia in newborns [Mendel K. and others, 1983].
Of great importance to ensure sufficient lactation has the correct attachment of the child to the mother's breast, and complete emptying of the breast. After each feeding the baby she should Express the milk residues, even if its in the chest remains very little. An important point in order to achieve sufficient lactation, as noted above, is the observance of the proper mode and proper nutrition nursing mothers.
In the first 3-4 days after birth the child receives from the mother's breast colostrum, then - transitional milk. From the 2nd - 3rd week of mother's milk becomes Mature and acquires its permanent composition (detailed composition of colostrum, transitional and Mature milk is given in Annex 1).
Colostrum on the composition of the basic food ingredients close to the tissues of the newborn, so easy to digest his body. It is a thick, yellowish liquid containing compared to Mature milk has more protein. According to the data of L. G. Mamonova (1987), in the 1st day of birth protein content in colostrum is 73,8 g/l, decreasing by 4-th day to 26.1 g/l In Mature milk protein level, according to various authors, ranging from 10.6 g/l (who, 1981) to 13.3-15.2 g/l [Hajibekov N. A., 1985]. A number of authors have noted that the concentration of protein in colostrum and transitional milk of mothers after a miscarriage is higher, undoubtedly, is of great physiological significance, as it provides for premature infant plastic material and important immune factors, protein [Hajibekov I. A., 1985; Servetnik is roan, K. and others, 1985].