Ethmoiditis

Ethmoiditis is an inflammation of the cells of the lattice of the maze. Ethmoiditis usually combined with other inflammations sinuses (antritis, frontal). In acute ethmoiditis - complaints on pain in the root of the nose and nose, headache. In chronic ethmoiditis symptoms are weak.
Diagnosis of ethmoiditis put on the basis of data rinoskopia (mucosal hyperemia, swelling middle shell, polyps, purulent) and x-ray sinuses.
Treatment in acute cases, conservative and similar to the treatment of sinusitis (see), a chronic, often surgery: removal of polyps with special hinges, endonasal opening of cells of the lattice of the maze. With proper treatment, the prognosis is good. Cm. also the Accessory nasal sinuses.

Ethmoiditis (ethmoiditis, cellulitis ethmoidals) - inflammation of the cells of the lattice of the maze (sinus ethmoidalis); usually combined with damage to other paranasal sinuses: inflammation of the front cells - maxillary and frontal sinuses, rear cells of the sphenoid sinus.
The mucous membrane of the grid cells thinner and flabby mucous membranes of other sinuses (see), so the inflammatory process soon goes on deep layers, easily occur swelling occurs diffuse swelling of the mucous membrane, which is similar to jelly polyps.
There are acute and chronic ethmoiditis. Catarrhal and purulent-catarrhal forms of chronic ethmoiditis are characterized by the formation of polyps in the area of the middle and upper nasal passages.
Symptoms. In acute ethmoiditis patients complain of patients pain in the root of the nose and nose, headache. The preferential localization of pain at the root of the nose and the inner corner of the socket indicates the defeat of the grid cells. In chronic ethmoiditis subjective complaints poorly expressed and equally can be attributed to diseases of the frontal and ethmoid sinuses; sometimes they are absent. When rinoskopia find pus and polyps in the middle or upper nose course.
The diagnosis is based on examination of the nasal cavity, radiography. The presence of pus and polyps on average nose course with the exception of the disease of the maxillary and frontal sinuses indicates the defeat of the front of the cells of the lattice of the maze. Pathological discharges above average sink in the upper nose course, the formation of polyps, atypical hypertrophy says about the defeat of the back of the grid cells. The sense of smell is often violated, especially in the defeat of the rear groups of cells.
In allergic sinusitah most often affects the cells of the lattice of the maze. Then visible pale, dramatically swollen mucosa, nasal passages filled frothy liquid mucus. The disease is accompanied with frequent bouts of exacerbations, laying the nose and enhanced sneezing.
In mucus secreting from the nose, the increased contents of eosinophils.
Treatment for acute ethmoiditis conservative as for acute sinusitis (see), chronic ethmoiditis - more surgery. Treatment of allergic forms of ethmoiditis is to eliminate the allergen from the environment, but more often resort to non-specific desensitization. For this purpose use calcium supplements, antihistamines, corticosteroids, vitamins.