Medical ethics and deontology

Problems of medical ethics and deontology teaching about the proper conduct of the medical staff, from the ancient times attracted the attention of doctors and the public. In the ethical standards of the ancient Indian and Greek medicine stressed the need, even at the cost of their own lives doctor, to defend the lives and health of the patient, to the same urged in his famous oath of Hippocrates.
The development of capitalism, the emergence of new classes - the bourgeoisie and the proletariat could not be passed on to the medical ethics, for each socio-economic structure is characterized by its own morality. In "the Communist Manifesto" noted that "the bourgeoisie has stripped of its halo every birth activities, which until then was considered honorable and looked up to with reverent awe. The physician, the lawyer, the priest, the poet, the man of science, she turned in their paid employees". The ethics of relations between a doctor and a patient in a capitalist society reflects mainly the relationships of the seller and the buyer.
Commercialism, the desire private practitioners for profit at the expense of the diseases people have caused protests leading physicians of the XIX and XX centuries, especially domestic scientists - M. I. Mudrov, N. I. Pirogov, S. P. Botkin, B. N. Obraztsov, I. P. Pavlov and others Known to nacuu struggle they held, as well as advanced foreign doctors, such as, for example, honorary member of the Medical society of surgeons USSR Rene Leriche, Nobel peace prize laureate albert Schweitzer and others, ethics, based on advanced science and humanity. However, under capitalism, the very idea of the existence of health, which serves the popular masses, it seems utopian.
The great October socialist revolution for the first time in history has completely eliminated the economic, social, political, ideological and racial barriers between the doctors and the population. The Soviet system of health was established a new basis for relationships between doctors and patients between health professionals, between the doctor and the society.
"Ethics Soviet doctor, " wrote N. A. Semashko, is the ethics of their socialist homeland, it is the ethics of the Builder of a Communist society, it is the Communist morality, this is a truly human morality, above class distinctions. That is why we do not open the concept of medical ethics and high ethical principles of a citizen of the Soviet Union"*.
Development and examination of issues of medical ethics and deontology received in our country developing in the works of a number of major scientists and doctors - 3. P. Solov'ev, V. L. Bogolyubov, N. N. Petrova, S. S. Weill and other
Ethics, like life, is not something static. Goes on and medicine. Especially rapid development over the last decade, natural science, in particular physics and chemistry, improving methods of examination, diagnosis and treatment, the need for doctors large and growing information make and create new problems in the relationship between doctor and patient; the expansion and intensification of preventive medicine change aspects of the relationship between doctor and public organizations, etc.
In other words, rapid progress in medical science, the improvement of the practice of health put forward many new topical issues concerning the ethics and deontology of the Soviet of the doctor and his relationship with the population and society.
Based on the above, the work written by the doctor of medical Sciences N. Century Elistano, is of particular interest, and here's why.
First, the author is not limited to consideration of any one issue of the great problems of the relationship between doctor and patient. We are talking about a lot of things that mattered: the modern medical education, its benefits and shady sides, the value of the authority of the physician, medical errors, the requirements of young people entering the medical faculty, and much more.
Secondly, during the consideration of the question the author comes not only from a deep knowledge of the literature, but from years of personal experience as a physician at the bedside.
Third, in contrast to works in which analyzed the attitude of the doctor to the patient, in this book are you talking about their relationship.
Regarding the latter, still M. Ya. Mudrov, going to the doctors, wrote: "Now you have studied the disease and know the patient, but Vedi that sick and you have tested and know what you..." the Problem is, however, has other aspects. In the same way as the doctor is obliged all their knowledge and skills to direct to combat disease, the patient should facilitate the doctor the performance of their difficult and honorary functions.
Finally, on all pages of the book clearly feels the breath of today, the pulse of time.
There is no doubt that the book N. Century of Elstein will be very useful and will promote the further improvement of the Affairs of the health of a Soviet man.

* Semashko N. A. Selected works. M., Medicine, 1967.