Medical ethics

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The medical ethics is a part of ethics relating to moral norms that should guide health workers in relations with patients and colleagues by profession. With the concept of medical ethics is closely related medical deontology, which should be considered as a set of principles and rules of conduct of medical workers aimed at achieving the maximum benefit for the patient in treatment and prevention, to perform medical duty, duty of care providers.
The work of the physician refers to those activities that require knowledge of a variety (typical mainly only this profession) moral rules of behavior in relationships with others, and first of all with sick people. The activity of health workers, including medium, due to their complexity and diversity is not always falls within the formal requirements of the law, regulations and instructions. Often the doctor has to operate in conditions that exclude a possibility of obtaining qualified advice or guidance. Justification of their actions in such cases, the doctor or other health worker finds not only in existing laws and regulations, but in the current ethical rules of their profession, but also in understanding the medical (health) of the debt. Medical ethics is largely a reflection of these existing medical profession's rules and existing ideas about medical debt (the debt of the physician). In the rules of medical ethics has atkrintamosiose the experience of many generations of doctors and the best representatives of the medical profession.
Hippocrates Outstanding medical ancient times, Hippocrates not only pushed forward the art of healing, but I have developed for the first time a coherent system of certain rules of behaviour of the doctor treating the patient. For physicians, in the opinion of Hippocrates and his followers, the basic rules should be: do not harm, do not tell the secrets of the patient, don't kid patient, don't give up until the end of the ability to save the patient, and so on, These and other statements became known as the "Hippocratic oath"; they are reflected in the so-called faculty promise or vow doctor, - the solemn obligation signed by the doctors at the end of the educational institution. The content of the faculty promises and was largely code of medical ethics. The development of basic humane features contained in the oath of Hippocrates and faculty promise, and a reflection of the moral code of the Builder of communism is the oath of the Soviet Union doctor that you are taking USSR citizens who graduated from higher medical educational institutions of the USSR and received the title of doctor [fundamentals of the legislation of the USSR and Union republics on health care (article 13)].
Ethical views, including those related to medicine, always have a class character. In capitalism, in which the basis of medical aid is private practice, a significant part of doctors and other medical staff primarily strives to achieve personal well-being and to the recognition often at the expense of the interests of the patient. In the capitalist countries, the right of "freedom" drug prescribing often used by doctors for collusion with pharmacists and pharmaceutical firms that give the prize to doctors for prescribing expensive drugs, sometimes unnecessary or even harmful.
Between patients and doctors in the capitalist countries, there are insurmountable barriers, mainly economic. The doctor is interested in his clientele increased, to include more patients, as its budget depends on the fees that it receives from the patients.
Relations between doctors themselves in our country and other socialist countries are fundamentally different from relations between doctors capitalist countries. There's a private practice creates competition between them, the struggle for customers. In the USSR and other socialist countries accessible and free medical care creates the conditions for a genuinely friendly relations between health care providers, respect and mutual assistance.