Exanthema subitum

Exanthema subitum (synonym: sudden rash, sixth disease), acute infectious disease of young children, especially those suffering exudative diathesis. First described I. Zagorsky in 1910, the Causative agent is unknown; presumably it is attributed to the filterable virus. Sick children, mostly aged from 4 months to one and a half years; the largest number of diseases occurs in spring and autumn. There are epidemic outbreaks in large groups of children. The infection is transmitted through close contact with sick. The contagiousness expressed weakly. The incubation period is from 7 to 17 days, usually 10 days. The disease starts acutely with temperature increase to 40-41 degrees; possible convulsions. Fever occurs in 3-5 days, and then critically reduced to normal. After a few hours after the fall of temperature on the skin of the trunk, later on the neck and on the legs appears polymorphic roseolous rash. The most characteristic rash in the wrist and on the buttocks. The rash disappears after 2-3 days, leaving pigmentation; sometimes a little flaky. In blood marked leukopenia and relative lymphocytosis, the most pronounced on the 3rd day of the disease. Often, the disease is accompanied by diarrhea, poor appetite, anxiety of the patient; possible meningeal phenomenon. In General, the disease is quite easy; the forecast is favorable.
Treatment of symptomatic. Special prevention measures not. The patient was isolated to the disappearance of clinical manifestations of the disease.