Exotic diseases

Exotic diseases - infectious diseases, which is not found in the country (area, the territory) and the resulting import from other countries (zones territories).
Exotic diseases and their pathogens can be brought sick people and media, infected animals, as well as some infected food, raw materials, fodder, etc.,
During the years of Soviet power exotic diseases for the USSR became cholera, smallpox, dracunculiasis, relapsing fever.
The prevention and control of exotic diseases regulated by the Rules on sanitary protection of territory of the USSR from import and spread of quarantine and other infectious diseases (see Sanitary protection of the territory).

Exotic diseases (gr. exotikos - foreign foreign) is an infectious disease, which in this area do not meet and arise only as a result of imports from other countries or areas. So, in the USSR for many years not appear smallpox, relapsing fever, dracunculiasis, etc. to these diseases Occur in the USSR can only as a result of import from other countries of sick people or the media.
Plague that among the population of the USSR does not occur for many years, some areas could not be considered as exotic as in nature in these territories it persists among certain species of rodents (squirrels, gerbils, marmots, etc.,). On the territory of the natural plague foci a person can be infected from rodents.
Due to the widespread elimination of malaria in the USSR for the most part of the country she was an exotic disease, which can occur only as a result of arrival of the patient or parasitological from another country and in the presence of the vector.
The prevention of import from outside of diseases such as cholera, plague, smallpox, typhus and relapsing fever, is regulated by the international rules of sanitary protection of the territory (see).
To prevent importation of malaria on individuals arriving from malarial areas, establish medical supervision and are examined for parasitological.