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The reins and organization of forensic medical examination

In accordance with the criminal procedure code of the Union republics of the forensic medical examination of the victims and the accused may be initial, recurrent, and in some cases be conducted by a Commission of experts. Initial evaluation is carried out by the inspection testify, and in most cases, completed the formulation of final conclusions.
With the lack of clarity and completeness of the conclusion of the police is appointed additional expertise, which is entrusted either to the expert who conducted an initial evaluation or the other. This additional certification aims detailed, step study, which would serve as the basis for a final conclusion.
In cases of doubt about the validity of the validity of the conclusion of re-examination is appointed, the production of which is entrusted to another expert or expert panel. If you want to allow questions that require knowledge of allied health Sciences, specialists (neurologist, traumatologist, obstetrician-gynecologist, radiologist and others). The expert opinion shall be entered in the "expert Opinion".
Expertise of determination of the degree of loss of General work capacity is made when determining the severity of injuries, as well as in civil cases, when excited by a claim for damages for bodily injury in connection with the trauma. This kind of expertise is carried out by the Commission of several experts and only in Republican, regional and regional centers. The Commission is chaired by a forensic expert, and members of her - traumatologist, surgeon, neurologist, and if necessary, and other medical specialists. Resolution of the expert Commission may be set to the following issues: determination of the percentage of proof loss of the General and professional ability to work, the need of nursing care, supplementary feeding, sanatorium and resort treatment and the period of re-examination. The examination is conducted after the completion of treatment and determined the outcome. Besides, at the disposal of the expert Committee have the originals of medical documents reflecting all the consecutive stages of treatment. Definition percent in a disability is made at the tables of the state insurance company approved by the Ministry of Finance of the USSR.
Each type of expertise execute in the document "Conclusions (act) forensic medical examination".
Medical examiner should refrain at initial examination from determining the severity of injuries:
1) the insufficiencies of the clinical picture or insufficient clinical and laboratory examination of the victim;
2) the unclear outcome is not life-threatening injuries;
3) the refusal of the witness from additional examinations or the absence of it on the re-examination, if it deprives the expert impossible to correctly assess the nature of the damage, its clinical course and outcome;
4) the absence of medical documents, including the results of investigations, if without this data it is not possible to judge the nature and severity of injuries.
In such cases, a forensic medical expert in its conclusions sets out the reasons for not being able to determine the severity of injuries, and specifies what information is needed to address this issue (medical documents, the results of additional research and others), and also determines the period of re-examination.
Decorated opinion is not issued on hand witness to the person sent to the bodies of inquiry, investigation or the court, on demand of which was made expertise.
Often testify, being suspected or accused of committing offences, seeks to distort the nature of the incident, hide existing diseases, to exaggerate these or other symptoms. In this regard, the medical examiner should be alert to the subjective statements, comparing and analyzing them in accordance with objective data of survey. At the same time it should be borne in mind that a biased attitude to testify person may be the cause of serious errors.
During the enquiry should not be limited to local diagnostics in the evaluation of the detected changes, it is necessary to assess the reaction of the whole organism, i.e. to take into account local and General changes in their interrelation and interdependence.

Checklist
1. What are the reasons for forensic medical examination (examination) of victims, suspects and other persons
2. What is forensic medical examination of the victims and the accused?
3. What documents are drawn up by a medical forensic expert expertise and examination of these persons?