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The reins and organization of forensic medical examination

The expertise examination of victims, suspects, accused and other persons is one of the most frequent. Relevant articles in the criminal procedure code of the Union republics stipulate the mandatory expertise on the issues relevant to the investigation of crimes against life and health of the person. However, a forensic medical expert practice shows that for the agencies of justice special medical knowledge are needed and when examinations on other occasions. The following are the main reasons and goals of forensic medical examination (examination).
The establishment in injuries and illnesses:
1) the nature and severity of injuries and other issues connected with it;
2) persistent loss of ability to work (in the home);
3) aggravatio and disaggregate at:
a) damage;
b) diseases;
4) simulation and dissimulation at:
a) damage;
b) diseases;
5) artificially induced diseases;
6) artificially caused damage;
7) scars as the consequences of injury or illness;
8) venereal disease and AIDS;
9) General health. The definition of sexual States:
1) the disputed sex (hermaphroditism);
2) sexual maturity;
3) virginity and former sexual intercourse;
4) the sexual ability of women:
a) to copulate;
b) to conceive;
5) sexual ability in men:
a) to copulate;
b) fertilization;
6) pregnancy;
7) abortion;
8) delivery:
a) recent;
b) long.
Expertise in sexual offences concerning:
1) forced intercourse (rape);
2) sexual abuse (juvenile);
3) sexual intercourse with a person below the age of sexual maturity;
4) sodomy;
Expertise on other issues:
1) the establishment of age;
2) identification (identity) of a person;
3) alcoholic intoxication;
4) exceptions paternity and maternity (in disputed paternity, maternity and suspected substitution of children in maternity hospital).
Most often necessary to establish the existence, nature, duration and severity of their injuries. If studies are made on the decisions of the bodies of investigation or trial, in these cases, they are in the nature of the examination and is documented in the "expert report". In many cases, when it comes to inflicting minor bodily injury, envisaged senior 112 of the criminal code of the RSFSR, the criminal proceedings are not initiated, the case goes to court on the complaint of the victim in the procedure of the so-called private prosecution. Examination of victims in these cases shall upon written direction of law enforcement bodies and the results are made in the form of the forensic-medical examination".