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Forensic medical examination to determine the severity of injuries

In serious injuries (article 108 of the criminal code) include: dangerous for life at the moment of occurrence, as well as those that resulted in at least one of the following consequences: loss of vision, hearing or any organ, or loss by body of its functions, mental illness, interruption of pregnancy, permanent loss of earning capacity by not less than 1/3, lasting disfigurement.
Dangerous to life, as specified in the "Rules"are damages, which could threaten the lives of the victim at the time of application or in the ordinary course end in death. Prevention of death due to medical assistance, shall not be taken into account when assessing the risk to the lives of such damages.
Life-threatening injuries (especially if time and was qualified medical aid) can in some cases be ended favorably, and not even to have serious consequences for man. In this regard, the evaluation of the severity of bodily injuries on the ground of danger to life are considered not dangerous consequences long life damage, and the fact of the presence of danger to life at the time of causing damage. Life-threatening injuries are the following:
a) a penetrating wound to the skull, including without brain damage"1. These include the wounds, which damaged as soft tissue, and subject to the bones of the skull (with damage Dura or without it), resulting in the skull cavity communicates with the external environment;
b) "open and closed fractures of the code and the base of the skull, with the exception of fractures of the facial skeleton and isolated cracks only the outer plate of the skull vault".
An open fracture is reported through the wound soft tissues with the external environment crisis of both plates of a bone of the code or the base of the skull. Life-threatening should include open and closed fractures only those bones that are involved in the formation of the cerebral cranium. The severity of fractures of other bones of the skull, as well as cracks only one outer plates bones of the cranial vault is measured at the outcome damage after his healing;
C) "contusion of the brain severe as with sdavlennoy or without compression of the brain; brain injury of medium gravity in the presence of symptoms stem Department".
A bruise of a brain severe in all cases should be classified as dangerous for life and, consequently, grievous bodily harm. The brain injury of medium gravity are considered dangerous to life only in cases, when there are symptoms (compression) of the stem of the brain, which arise life-threatening condition caused by severe disturbances of the Central regulation of the vital functions of the organism;
g) "epidural, subdural and subarachnoidal intracranial hemorrhage in the presence of life-threatening events."
Danger to the life of intracranial hemorrhages conditioned by the degree of compression of the blood brain and above all his shaft Department;
d) "penetrating injuries of the spine, including without spinal cord injury".
Penetrating wounds of the spine (in any Department) are not only accompanied by damage of all tissues (skin, muscles, ligaments, bones, Dura), but also such cases when Dura is not damaged;
e) "perelomova and fractures of bodies or both arcs of the cervical vertebrae, and unilateral fracture arcs I and II of the cervical vertebrae, including without violation of the spinal cord.
For the recognition of the damage dangerous for life enough only one of these injuries (broken body, perelomova, fracture arcs I and II of the cervical vertebrae);

1 quoted the text of the "Rules of forensic determine the severity of bodily injuries", without the quotes - explanatory.