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Forensic medical examination to determine the severity of injuries

If a person inflicted injuries that are not life-threatening, the degree of their severity is determined by the outcome (i.e. the consequences for health and work capacity of the victim).
St. 108 of the criminal code of the RSFSR relates to serious bodily injury, ended one of the following outcomes:
1) loss of vision. Under loss of vision understand such harm, inflicted on health, in which the person becomes blind or unable to discern the outlines of subjects at a close distance visual acuity 0.04 and below. Mean incurable blindness, and not a permanent loss of vision. Considering this characteristic, it should be noted that in serious injuries include loss of vision not only in both eyes, but one. However, in this case, the qualifying characteristic will be no loss of vision, and permanent disability of more than 1/3 (loss of vision in one eye entails a disability in the amount of 35%);
2) hearing loss. Do resistant deafness in both ears result in bodily injury. This includes such a degree of hearing disorders in which a person stops hearing a loud voice at a distance of 2-5 cm from the ear. If as a result of bodily injury, a man lost hearing in one ear, it would not be serious bodily injury, and should be classified as less serious;
3) loss of any organ or the loss by body of its functions. Under the loss of authority is understood as the anatomical loss of this body, and bring it functionally in inactive state; usually it's about the loss of the language, hands, legs, loss of productive capacity. Under the loss of a language is understood as its anatomical loss and incurable loss of speech, i.e. the ability to Express their thoughts articulate sounds, understandable to others. Under the loss of a hand or foot understand how anatomical loss of these bodies (amputation not below the elbow or knee joints), and bringing in the state, excluding their function.
It should be borne in mind that the loss of bodies can be considered as grievous bodily harm and other status - significant permanent loss of ability to work, as the loss of any of the foregoing authorities paired with a disability is more than 1/3.
The loss of productive capacity is equivalent to the loss of the authority and includes the loss of the ability to copulate, fertilization, pregnancy and childbirth;
4) interruption of pregnancy. Abortion or premature birth, which is the result of damage, refer to bodily injury, regardless of the duration of pregnancy.
The establishment of the fact of termination of pregnancy usually is not difficult. Much more difficult to establish, as required by rule, direct causal link between injury and abortion. During the examination it is necessary to establish whether it was the abortion direct consequence of injury or is it just coincided with injury and caused by other reasons (a pathology of pregnancy, the individual characteristics of the pregnant and others). To resolve this issue is sometimes necessary stationary examination of the witness;
5) mental illness. If mental illness has arisen as a result of damage, the latter is qualified as grave. The establishment of mental illness and its direct causal relationship with the trauma is within the competence of judicial-psychiatric examination;
6) impairment of health, coupled with a disability not less than 1/3 is a qualifying characteristic serious bodily injury.
Persistent (i.e. permanent) disability can be the outcome of bodily injury, so set this flag can only be determined after the Exodus damage (the end of treatment), or healing the damage.