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Forensic medical examination to determine the severity of injuries

The criminal code and "Regulations" mean the General work capacity, i.e. the ability to unskilled labour and skills, and their loss. Sizing in a disability produce at the official table of Gosstrakh.
A disability may occur as a result of damage not only the able-bodied people, but in children, the disabled and the elderly.
Disabled persons have a disability due to damage to define how and in practically healthy people; disability into account not taking. For example, a disabled person of group I, blind when traffic accident was caused damage, which resulted in an amputated foot. Loss of foot entails a disability of more than 40 % (i.e., not less than 1/3), so the damage is serious. Children have a disability is determined by the same rules as in adults.
The course and outcome of similar damage in different people can be different, so the same nature of damage will be assessed in different ways. So, if a closed fracture of the femur has grown together incorrectly formed the false joint, the percentage of disability in this case will be equal to 55 %, i.e. more than 1/3, therefore, such damage shall be regarded as grave. Similar damage may end up with a fusion of fragments without any significant shortening of the leg. In this case the consequence of a fracture will be long-term health disorder, more than 3 weeks, therefore, such damage would qualify as less serious.
If the private hip fracture at the time of such injury was complicated by severe shock and there was a condition dangerous to life, such damage should be classified as serious as life-threatening;
7) a lasting disfigurement refers to serious damage. Because disfigurement is not a medical term, therefore, there is no medical criteria, on the basis of which in each case to solve the issue, there disfigurement or not. Given this, the medical examiner should not and can not solve the question of the existence of bezobraziya persons; determination it is only in the competence of the court.
The location of injuries on the face of the expert determines its severity as well as with the localization of damage to other parts of the body, using the criteria for determining the severity of the damages: a danger for their life and death.
If the damage is located on the face, a forensic expert, but the answers are usually resolved issues: on the nature of the existing instruments, the mechanism of occurrence of damage limitation him and severity, should specify in its opinion on izgradivost or neizgladimoe damage (scarring or other consequences). Under izgradivost should understand the significant decrease in the severity of pathological changes (scar, deformation, violations of facial expressions and others) over time or under the influence of non-surgical means. If to eliminate required surgical intervention (e.g., cosmetic surgery), the damaged person is considered to be indelible.
Less serious bodily harm (article 109 of the criminal code). These include damage, not dangerous for life and did not cause consequences envisaged senior 108 of the RSFSR criminal code, but caused protracted health disorder or significant stable loss of earning capacity of less than 1/3.
Under long-term health disorder should be understood caused by damage to the consequences (disease, impaired function and others) lasting more than three weeks (21 days).
Criterion less serious injuries is also significant in a disability in the amount from 10 to 33 %.