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Forensic medical examination to determine the severity of injuries

Minor injuries or beatings (article 112 of the criminal code). The legislation provides for two types of such injuries: resulting in short-term health disorder or insignificant permanent loss of ability to work (am I, item 112 of the criminal code) and not resulting in short-term health disorder or insignificant in a disability (ch. II, item 112 of the criminal code).
Under short-term health disorder understand such injuries as a disease or disorder of the function of any organ of duration from 7 to 21 days, directly related to the injury. Duration of disease or impairment of the function of any authority should be established by objective data, not only on the term, which granted a piece of temporary disability.
If the consequence of bodily injury was stable loss of General work capacity less than 10 %, then such damage shall be attributed to the lungs, causing a minor in a disability.
To light injuries, not resulting in short-term health disorder or insignificant in a disability, are damaged (scratches, bruises, small superficial wounds), which either do not have caused health disorder or caused minor, transient effects that lasted not more than 6 days.
Beatings - multiple blows - not represent any particular type of damages. They are in some cases (if applying, for example, through the clothes may not leave visible marks; more often after they remain abrasions, or bruises. If the examination of the injured expert finds traces of the beatings, he qualifies as a light, not caused short-term health disorder. If traces of injuries at the time of examination is not found, then the medical examiner described in its conclusion complaints witness indicates that objective evidence of damage is not installed. Establishing the fact of infliction of beatings relates to the competence of the investigative and judicial authorities.
In some cases, in the absence of any signs of damage, it is recommended to repeat the examination in 1-2 days, during which can be detected bruises, located more or less deeply.
The criminal code provides for special ways of inflicting bodily injuries, which include torture and torment. Increased liability for intentional infliction of serious and less serious physical injuries, if they were in the nature of torment or torture (ch. II, item 108 hours and II, item 109 of the criminal code).
Torment and torture by themselves determine the origin or method of causing damage. Torment is the activity, causing the victim suffering by denying food, drink, warmth, in a way dangerous for the life and health of the person. Under torture understand the actions intended to cause hurt that much: section rods, pinching and other
The task of the forensic expert is the determination of the existence of bodily injury, his character (medical characteristic), severity, in accordance with the General criteria for assessing the severity of injuries and, finally, setting the mode of damage without specifying whether they constitute torture or torture, the solution to this issue is within the competence of the investigative and judicial authorities.
Death from serious injuries. Criminal law provides for liability for the infliction of intentional serious bodily injury that resulted in the death (ch. II, item 108 of the criminal code). Any damage which is dangerous for life (and therefore related to heavy), can under certain conditions be terminated with the death of the victim. In these cases, the medical examiner should determine whether the injury signs of danger to life, i.e. whether it is to hard to establish the cause of death, to determine the presence of a direct causal link between the damage and death; to resolve other issues specified in the resolution on the appointment of a forensic medical examination.