The technique of estimation of factors of health and longevity

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To fetch the required data from Maps examination of persons 80 years and older was prepared by the special vicoprofen questionnaire covering the topic "Heredity, lifestyle and health of many years". All questions of this map are grouped into three sections: genetics, environmental factors, health status And indicators of biological health, B - indicators of social health). Special attention in the development program vicoprofen card was paid to such issues as specified age, some characteristic features, presence of long relatives, the age of first signs of old age, belonging to a social group, previous diseases and objective assessment of health status at the present time, as well as some issues of fertility.
The purpose of systematization of the received data for further statistical products manufactured group selected characteristics. In addition centenarians (90 years and older), was considered as a control group of persons of old age (80-89 years), which allowed to follow the age-related dynamics of the studied indicators.
The evidence concerning the relative importance of internal and external factors in the achievement of active longevity and maintaining health into old age, obtained on the basis of generalization about 5000 questionnaires surveys persons 80 years and older, of whom 1420 long - lived 90 years and over 3400 - age. For in-depth development of selected data from three areas with different natural-geographic and socio-economic conditions: a large city-Kiev, agricultural region of the South of the European part of the USSR (Poltava region) and the region of Transcaucasia, famous for the high level of longevity - Abkhazian ASSR (table. 40).
The cumulative impact of social conditions determined by membership of a particular social group, reflecting the nature of work, conditions of life, material security, cultural level, etc. in the past.
The role of heredity was estimated by the presence and number of long-time family members, their age and degree of consanguinity. For comparison of health indicators all of the material was divided into two subsets: 1) long-lived, have long relatives (AL-) long-lived, have long relatives there (DR+). In addition, a dedicated fractional subgroups on the basis of additional characteristics relatives for a more subtle analysis of the links between hereditary security and health condition of long-livers, which allowed to determine the degree family longevity.
The level of family longevity was characterized by three stages: I stage - presence of long-standing members (parents, brothers, sisters, grandparents and so on), who lived to the age of 80-89 years; II stage - presence of long relatives aged 90-99 years; III stage - presence of blood relatives, survivors 1.00-year-old age. During the detailed design takes into account the degree of their relationship (parents or other relatives) and the number of relatives.
In the study of condition of an organism of the survivor was found out as a "social" health (composite index, which includes General medical evaluation, sohrannost intelligence, mobility, ability to self-service, saving interest in the environment)and "biological" health (age you feel old, termination of fertility and other signs).