Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

The role of social-hygienic factors in the development of alcoholism

Until recently in the literature, without evidence, it was argued that in socialist society, where the liquidated class contradictions, socio-economic conditions ceased to be a causal factor of drunkenness and alcoholism. In the basis of this statement was mechanical identification of the concepts of "social" and "class". Denying the influence of some factors on the health of workers removes from the agenda the elimination of the so-called pathogenic influences and confuses the Soviet health care. The concept of "social", as noted by B. N. Rozhin (1962), is used in two meanings: in the broadest sense of social considered every phenomenon in public life, no matter what field it did; in Marxist sociology - the social phenomena that belong to the class, national, family and other relationships.
In our reality, when liquidated class causes of alcoholism, remain some, namely the socio-psychological factors contributing to the abuse of alcohol among a certain part of the population. These factors usually subjective. Under socialism the crime, as well as alcohol abuse, it is not a form of social protest against the existing conditions of life, and the result primarily moral deformity, intellectual backwardness, low culture of individuals.
Famous Soviet lawyer corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences Century N. Kudryavtsev in the journal "State and law" (1980) emphasizes that binge drinking as a form of antisocial behavior is explained by a number of social, psychological and medico-biological factors, which together form a complex mechanism of interacting factors".
On the basic value of the social-hygienic factors in the emergence and spread of alcoholism indicate sociological and socio-hygienic researches of the last years.
In socialist society, according to many authors, the misuse of alcohol are usually defects in education, unhealthy tradition, condescending-complacent attitude towards drunkenness considerable part of the population, the shortcomings of health education and protivoallergennoy work among the population, insufficient education of the young generation of a sense of duty to his family and society, the inability to organize their leisure, family problems, Alcoholism appears where low culture, poorly organized labor and activities, there are gaps in the educational and ideological work. So, centuries CONEP (1973) finds that alcoholism grows on the soil of the social deterministic everyday hard drinking, which causes "are insufficient... upbringing, moral instability some people, in imitation of the bad tastes, habits, customs".
Soviet sociologists Century, Smirnov (1966), gg Zaigraev (1966, 1968) see the causes of alcoholism in the low education, inability to fill your leisure time. The authors doubt the role of the family as a primary incentive to alcoholism, because, according to them, in 77.4% of cases the parents are not abused alcohol, and 80.6% of cases of drunkenness began under the influence of the comrades in the yard in the work and study. Other scientists have not noted the link between lack of education and misuse of alcohol, but found a violation of family and social relations.
Among the surveyed S. A. Levertov (1970) alcoholism 33,8% of men and 39.2% of women had primary education. The author found that in 52.2% of the surveyed alcoholism involve imitation authoritative for them to people who abuse alcohol; 20% - from family troubles. As noted by Century, Century Nagaev (1972), violations of the family relations are mostly not the cause but the consequence of alcohol abuse. According to him, 16.6% of the examined patients with alcoholism had primary education, 58%-incomplete secondary. Among patients with alcoholism relatively large share (17,2%) divorced and widowed.
B. M. Levin believes the undisputed cause of the abuse of alcohol insufficient level of culture in some people, poverty and limited their spiritual needs, the inability rational use of free time. According to the author, almost 30% of respondents drink of it, had nothing to do". The inability to reasonably use free time as one of the causes of alcoholism indicate S., Strumilin and M. I. Sonin (1974).