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Psychoprophylaxis in production

The purpose of psychological prevention of production is the development and implementation of measures aimed at prevention of mental health problems, especially professional (but not too professional). Professional considered such diseases caused by harmful industrial factor. When speak about the harmful production factors, mean adverse human impact of the labour process or working environment.
Occupational disease can be specific and non-specific. Absolutely specific are diseases that develop only in conditions of production and are not encountered in private life. Among absolutely specific occupational diseases in which there is a severe psychiatric symptoms, it should be noted vibration disease and chronic manganese intoxication. Concerning the specific call such diseases, which usually have the production origin, but sometimes diagnosed and living conditions. Of concerning the specific occupational diseases with mental disorders can be mentioned radiation disease, lead poisoning, mercury, arsenic, pesticides and other substances.
Nonspecific diseases are, for example, neurosis, hypertension with neuropsychiatric disorders and other diseases, developing working on the Assembly line, the drivers of urban transport, drivers of passenger electric trains and representatives of other professions related to excessive emotional tension. These nosological forms widely diagnosed and outside professional factors. As professional they qualify in cases where develop in specific conditions of a certain type of production under the influence of these occupational hazards.
Legal recognition of professional diseases gives the patient certain benefits. There is a list of occupational diseases approved by the Ministry of health of the USSR and the all.
In unfavourable production conditions may worsen or for the first time identified other, non-professional diseases. Caused by the production of harm biochemical, vascular, vegetative, and other pathological changes (vibration, intoxication and other named in the list of occupational diseases) contribute to premature atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction and other diseases that such cases are equal to professional. It should be emphasized that obvious or latent pathology, which is not connected in their origin to professional activity, can increase the body's sensitivity to occupational hazards, to make it less resistant to the adverse impact of production environment (the"syndrome of mutual complication"). So, aggravating professional pathology, reducing its course and outcome, facilitating the emergence of mental disorders and the subsequent development psychoorganic syndrome and dementia is a disease such as alcoholism. It is also established that in healthy persons who are in the past concussion, during the development of the driving profession very early (after a few months of work) appear optical-vestibular disorders, disappearing after their removal from work. The same happens in people with endocrine disorders, increased emotional excitability. On the basis of such data in the number of contraindications to mastering driver's profession was introduced by the presence of traumatic brain injury in history or endocrine-vegetative pathology with emotional instability.
Occupational hazards can be physical, chemical and biological. In today's complex production often necessary to deal with the combined effect of adverse production factors. So, work with chemicals in a high temperature environment is dangerous not only because of the overheating of the body, but also as a result of increased toxicity of some compounds, such as carbon monoxide. In addition, celebrated by overheating hyperventilation results in greater flow of poison in the body. Intoxication is enhanced if it is done hard physical work (hyperventilation, increase of blood flow) or if all this happens in conditions of thin air and hypoxia, for example when working high in the mountains. In this situation, the concentration of carbon monoxide in the air even lower than the maximum permissible (for example, by inhalation of exhaust gases from motor running) can cause poisoning with confusion, psychomotor agitation or coma fatal or outcome in dementia.