The enzyme carbonic anhydrase

People breathe air containing 20,94 % oxygen and 0.03 % carbon dioxide, and exhales air in which oxygen is 16.2 %, while CO2 4 %. It is easy to calculate that for a moment alone man absorbs 250 ml of oxygen and allocates 200 ml of carbon dioxide. During the day, it stands out even at rest over 300 litres. Mechanisms for its removal, very interesting.
We said that the blood carries large quantities of CO2 thanks to the presence of substances such as soda. Carbon dioxide when connected to a water network carbonic acid (so called carbon dioxide); in the form of salts of this acid and he tolerated. In the tissues, where his lot, the reaction goes towards formation of carbonic acid. In the same light, the connection is being fragile, splits, i.e. the reaction is going to the release of carbon dioxide. However, for all its weaknesses carbonic acid dissolves in 2000 times slower than it is necessary to return carbon dioxide quickly passing by the alveoli blood. As the body comes out of this situation? It appeared that comes to the aid of a special enzyme called carbonic anhydrase. The name comes from the name of the substrate, which is connected to the action of the enzyme, i.e. carbon dioxide (from lat. carbo - coal). In General enzymes name by adding the ending "ASE" to the name of that substance, which is affected by the enzyme.
As all enzymes, carbonic anhydrase only speeds the reaction that goes by without it, but more slowly. So in the tissue accelerates the process of formation of carbonic acid, and in light of the process of disintegration.