Physical culture as a health remedy

Physical therapy is used the Soviet system of health care as a means of harmonic physical development, health promotion, prevention of development prepathological and pathological changes in the etiology of which role plays insufficient physical activity (inactivity), as an important element in the system of health protection of adults, children, the elderly, and also as a means of active rest. Medical observations show that people who regularly exercise with observance of rules of personal hygiene, less likely to get sick, live longer, work productively. Research complex checkup (1964-1965) indicate a lower incidence of athletes (as colds and nepristojnye diseases).
Person regularly engaged in physical training, have the best functional indices (pulmonary ventilation, systolic blood volume and others), more physical stamina and better adaptability to new, not always favorable conditions.
Data of medical examinations of workers at the enterprises of Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Lvov and other cities demonstrate the influence of industrial gymnastics at reducing the production of fatigue, illness and injuries among the workers.
The increasing distribution is received lessons Wellness exercises at the stadiums, swimming pools, health zones in the cities, the health resorts, sanatoriums and rest houses. Experience shows positive changes in motor function, circulation and respiration, blood supply of the heart muscle, the reactivity of the Central nervous system, leading to increased efficiency in persons of different age.
The use of means of physical culture with the purpose of treatment in hospitals, clinics, sanatoria and health resorts at diseases of locomotor apparatus, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, disorders of metabolism, for women's diseases, after surgical operations and so on, increases the efficiency of complex treatment, helps prevent many complications, dangerous for bedridden patients, speeds up recovery time and recovery of work capacity (rehabilitation) patients (see Therapeutic physical culture).
The tasks of the organs and institutions of public health is the full use of the physical culture in treatment-and-prophylactic and hygienic purposes, organization of medical monitoring the health of those engaged in physical training and sport, scientific research and promotion of physical culture as health and medical factors, the training and improvement of medical personnel on the issues of medical control and physical therapy. In implementing these tasks, participate medical exercises dispensary and offices, Department of physical education, physical therapy and medical supervision medical and postgraduate Institute. In the system of higher and secondary medical education courses of medical control and physical therapy. Research on health problems of physical culture and sports are conducted by the departments of medical control and physical therapy medical and postgraduate Institute, departments of physical therapy of a number of research institutions, sectors and departments of sports medicine research and educational institutes of physical culture, as well as major medical exercises dispensaries. In 1969 created in Kyiv research Institute of medical problems of physical culture.
Major medical problems of physical culture and sport: 1) the influence of physical culture and sport on the human body; 2) methods of use of physical education in order to promote health and longevity; 3) methods of medical control; 4) physical therapy; 5) Physical culture in the system of protection of children and adolescents health; 6) hygiene, physical culture; 7) organization of medical and physical training services.

The conduct of these studies carries out the problem Commission under the Presidium of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR. Of great help to the health authorities in the work of physical culture has created in 1961, all-Union scientific medical society for medical monitoring and treatment exercise, which has over 60 branches. The Board of the society and the Federation of sports medicine at the Central Council of the Union of sport societies and organizations of the USSR establish scientific ties with foreign organizations on sports medicine and therapeutic physical training.