Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology - the branch of internal medicine dealing with the study of the structure and functions of the digestive system in conditions of norm and pathology, causes, mechanisms of development and clinical forms of diseases of various organs of digestion. Gastroenterology is also developing methods of diagnostics, treatment and prevention of diseases of these organs.

In the last decades of the General therapy stood out and is successfully developing gastroenterology - the science about digestive diseases. Domestic and foreign scholars received extremely interesting new data on the physiology of digestion, for example openly parietal digestion in the small intestine, largely studied the role of endocrine factors in the regulation of the activity of the stomach, gall bladder and intestines. Development of endoscopic, radiological, morphological, biochemical methods of research raised diagnostics of diseases of gastrointestinal system to a new level. This gave the opportunity to rethink many routine theoretical concepts, develop effective methods of treatment.
The development of gastroenterology resulted in a corresponding organizational forms: a new profession - doctor-gastroenterologist, in the country, a network of specialized medical institutions. However, questions of gastroenterology are of interest not only for working in this field, but also for the other health professionals: physicians, surgeons, radiologists, laboratory doctors, etc. All this led us to the idea of creating a reference publication that reflect a modern state of gastroenterology. Material of reference set out so that it was useful practical doctors.
The directory consists of five sections. The first section - "the Symptomatology of the diseases of digestion organs" contains information about the mechanism of the development of symptoms of diseases of the digestive system. It specifies when the disease occurs every symptom. Thus, identifying the patient this or that feature, your doctor can determine the range of diseases subject to differential diagnosis.
The second section is devoted etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis and treatment of digestive diseases. We found it possible in most cases, be limited to an indication of the General principles of treatment. The fact that the terms of pharmaceutical drugs used in gastroenterology, constantly changing, and the mention of specific medicines can cause "moral" ageing of the Handbook.
In a special section is dedicated dietotherapy, because it is the basis of modern lesions in the digestive tract.
In the section "Modern methods of diagnostics of diseases of the digestive system" sets out x-ray, endoscopic, radiological, cytological, histological techniques and methods of functional diagnostics. Covered in detail the technique of the study, indications and contraindications to the study, indicated normal levels and possible deviations from them in various pathological processes.
Finally, the last section contains data on the examination of ability to work of gastroenterological patients. This aspect of gastroenterology yet found adequate reflection in literature, in connection with what is listed in the reference material is very important.