Hygienic bases

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Physiological-hygienic survey conducted among representatives of different professions who performs work in the same hygienic environment, fully confirm the findings of gerontology about the presence of age-related reactions to stimuli, and also point to premature aging and early development of pathological changes in the conditions of constant mismatches requirements of the profession functional abilities of the body working.
In this respect, an interesting complex research conducted N. N. Kuznetsova (1974) and A. E. Kruk (1974) machinists woodworking, O. Century Maksimova (1967) and Y. L. Midianim (1971)-operators of thermal power plants, B. N. Grebnaja (1977)-in miners deep mines, V. N. Veselova (1973) - the Telegraph operators and machine type-setters, V. N. Bugaev (1970) and B. A. Buzunovym (1972) - the machine-operators of the metal, K - Century Wasilewska and hydrographic system of Gardbaum (1974)-Krutilnikov fiberglass, V. A. Osipovoi (1974)-the workers of the meat-packing plant, S. M. Biden et al. (1975)-the weavers, spinners and metallic.
In the analysis of occupational diseases working in conditions of exposure to certain harmful factors not always detected the increase in its level with age, which is connected with relatively low exposure to the development of pathology. Plays the role and method of analysis. If the level of professional diseases and work of the chemical plant at the age of 25-40 years is taken as 100%, in the group of persons older than 40 years with the same experience she is 163% (I. M. Trachtenberg, G. I. Kulik, 1962). A similar characteristic age peculiarities of morbidity with temporary disability among persons with the same experience give N. N. Bolton et al. (1969) in respect of machine-operators-woodworkers, that is, Prozac (1969)-seamstresses, S. M. Baida (1976)-the women textile workers.
Numerous literature data about increasing the level of General and specific professional incidence, severity and duration of the disease increases with age working. However, these data rather indirectly than directly indicate greater vulnerability of older people, as they exposure usually longer, which is a reflection of the larger experience of their work in these conditions.
These data suggest that modern manufacturing has not always able to fully provide all workers healthy working conditions. In many cases, are air pollution with dust and gases, adverse heating or cooling climate, radiation, vibration and noise. The main requirement to the conditions of labour for the prevention of premature aging is the maximum possible elimination of all harmful factors. This provision undoubtedly, is of great importance for workers of all ages, but especially important for older persons, whose body has less resistance and more vulnerable.
In our country a practical base for the high standards of the working conditions of older persons of working age and pensioners can be currently under development "System of occupational safety standards, criteria of assessment of the severity and intensity of work", which provides for the increase scoring the severity of work for persons older than 40 years, compared with estimates for persons under 40 years of age and Single sanitary regulations for enterprises and workshops intended to be used for the disabled and pensioners old-age". The basis for them is based on expert estimation of material accumulated by physiologists, hygienists labour and profpatologii, and General settings for the protection of the health of older workers.
Thus, benefits and compensation for all professional groups associated with the impact of hazards in the working conditions are a direct contraindication to work old age pensioners and disabled workers in General or professional disease of any age. Regardless of the presence or absence of harmful working conditions to persons of retirement age is recommended only light and medium gravity work in which the power consumption does not exceed 150 and 200 to 250 kcal/h
Regulation of the macroclimate taking into account the gravity and seasonality of work is conducted only on the optimal scale of sanitary requirements for temperature, humidity and air movement 1, while for enterprises of General type are allowed deviations from the optimum due to technical impossibility to achieve it.

1 Sanitary norms of planning industrial enterprises CH 245-71. M., 1972, S. 74-75.