Hygienic requirements to housing

The main purpose of the home - protection from exposure to weather conditions: cold, heat, rain, wind, and the creation of favorable conditions for work and rest.
Numerous studies have shown that adverse housing conditions increase the incidence among the population (tuberculosis, droplet infection). Therefore, from the first years of Soviet power, the Communist party and the Soviet government take great care to improve the living conditions of workers.
Adopted by the XXIV Congress of the CPSU detailed socio-economic program consistently implemented. Speaking before the voters Bauman electoral district of Moscow L. I. Brezhnev said: "Proclaimed by the Congress of the course is to increase the welfare of workers is embodied in concrete, tangible things."
First of all it is expressed in the growth of real income, expanding the scope of housing construction. Steadily increase the funds allocated for housing construction. If during the first 3 years of the eighth five-year capital expenditures for this purpose amounted to 34.2 billion roubles, for between 1971 and 1973 they reached a total of 43.7 billion roubles For 3 year of the plan was put into effect over 320 million m2 of living space. More than 34 million people were settlers.
Now we have the opportunity to pay more attention to the quality of the planning and construction, the improvement of houses and apartments. Housing must be dry, warm, bright, spacious, clean, with constantly changing air.
In the houses of room type basic element in residential sections apartment is designed for one family. The apartment consists of living (bedroom, dining room and utility (front, kitchen, bathroom, toilet, pantry) premises.
The apartment layout should provide for the creation of optimal conditions for insolation (especially in the bedrooms), ventilation, parenting, recreation family members. To do this, accommodations must be correctly oriented and conveniently located, to provide enough space.
To ensure good through airing living rooms should be located on two opposite facade.
Great hygienic importance sizes of rooms. Minimum room height is determined by the average height of a man (1.7 m) plus 1 m, i.e. is 2.7 m
Living space per person is also an important hygienic criteria. The minimum standard of living space per person in the USSR is 9 m2. When the space height from 2,7 to 3 m, this area provides the necessary volume of air in homes and gives the possibility to place furniture and household items.
The convenience of living in a room largely depends on its configuration. The most favorable conditions for living are provided with a ratio of length and width of the room, equal to 1:2 or 3:4; while comfortably housed the furniture and creates optimal conditions for illumination. The depth of the living room should not exceed 6,5 M. otherwise, when one-sided coverage in areas that are most remote from light-carrier wall coverage is insufficient.
Great importance is the presence of balconies, terraces, loggias, facilitating residents (especially patients) exposure to fresh air. In southern areas of the country have terraces and loggias reduces overheating of the rooms.
For easy carry furniture width of the front should not be less than 1.2 M. the Premises of kitchens, bathrooms and toilets in multi-storey houses must have an exhaust duct ventilation.