Hypotonic disease

Hypotonic disease is characterized by a decrease AD due to disorders of mechanisms of regulation of the circulatory disorders of the upper autonomic centers, which leads to an increase in the tone of the parasympathetic nervous system and reduction of hormonal function of the adrenal cortex. All this leads to persistent decrease in peripheral resistance arteries and the fall of the maximum pressure below 100 mm RT. century, the minimum is below 60 mm RT. Art.
The disease can cause a variety of reasons: neuro-emotional stress, infection, intoxication some harmful substances, etc. Contributes to the development of the disease hypokinesia. A number of diseases (ulcerative disease, myxedema, anemia and other) leads to secondary arterial hypotension.
Not always the reduction of blood pressure is a disease. Meets and physiological hypotension, not associated with the pathology (for example in athletes).
For hypertensive disease characterized by chronic course. Patients complain of weakness, lethargy, fatigue, headaches, dizziness, memory impairment, loss of efficiency, fainting, pain in the heart area.
In the complex treatment applied tonic, medication and physical therapy drugs, drugs that increases the vascular tone, medical physical culture. Treatment in dispensaries, health centers or clinics.
The main tasks of medical physical culture are: the General strengthening of an organism, increase efficiency and emotional tone, improves the functional state of the CNS and systems governing the circulation, training of all organs and systems, particularly cardiovascular and muscular, improvement of coordination, balance, arbitrary relaxation and contraction of the muscles (I. B. Temkin).
Therapeutic physical training should begin at the first sign of the disease, using a variety of its forms. Mandatory classes morning hygienic gymnastics, as the sick in the mornings note lethargy and weakness and feel worse than during the day. Morning hygienic gymnastics has a stimulating effect on the Central nervous system, tones up the entire body, provides a quick transition to active work.
Therapeutic exercises in the beginning of the course of treatment is aimed at adaptation of organism to physical exercises. Exercises are performed in the original position sitting or standing position, without encumbrances, tonic dosage; in the session included a small number of special exercises; the density of classes is low.
During the main course of treatment increases the number of special exercises, which include exercises with weight-lifting - weights, printed balls (1-2 kg); exercises with resistance - with a partner, at the gym, balls; static (isometric) exercises, muscle tension with pressing on a support, holding the dumbbells at arm's length, countering the execution of movement, speed and power exercise - running, jumping, jumps, etc.; exercises on coordination of movements - juggling with various objects, asymmetric movements of limbs and other; exercises for vestibular - head movements, balance at the place and on the move, move with open and closed eyes; breathing exercises - teaching breathing at rest and with movement. Special exercises are combined and alternate with obshherazvivajushhego exercises and exercises in the relaxation of muscles. The main standing; used also starting position sitting and lying. The density of the classes is also increasing, although after the power and speed-power exercises are given pause holiday or breathing exercises. Dosage of exercise training.
When expressed manifestations of disease therapeutic exercises conducted by the method used in circulatory failure I of a degree. Commonly used exercises for adaptation to changes in body position. While improving the condition of the patient is possible to apply the method of therapeutic exercises, characteristic for initial treatment of hypertensive disease.
An important form of medical physical culture is dosed walking. Dosage walk depends on the condition of the patient. Recommended toning exercise that causes the condition of cheerfulness.
During sanatorium treatment are used games (croquet, volleyball, table tennis, badminton) and sports exercises (walking, skiing, swimming, boating), which should be strictly dosed. Allowable training exercise.