Headache (synonym cephalalgia) is a symptom of various diseases. Headache is of a different nature, depending on the reasons that cause it.
In inflammatory diseases of the brain and its meninges (the encephalitis, meningitis) headache depends on mechanical irritation of nerve endings, laid down in the membranes of the brain, and the violation of circulation of cerebrospinal fluid in these cases. The pain gradually increases, reaches a high intensity, may be accompanied by vomiting and usually lasts a long time, especially when formed hydrocephalus. For vascular diseases (hypertension, migraine, hypotension) is disrupted blood flow in the vessels of the brain and as a result there is a headache dull, gloomy, usually occurring pristupoobrazna.
Headache may be one of the initial symptoms of the tumor process in the cavity of the skull, as a consequence of increased intracranial pressure, and swelling of the brain tissue.
Headache may develop a disease of the eyes, especially when glaucome, in violation of refraction.
Headache may be inflammation of the trigeminal nerveis in these cases unilateral and paroxysmal in nature. Headache often complain patients with various neurotic condition, especially related to fatigue. In these cases, headaches typically is particularly concerned about the sick in the evening, after the working day. Headache is a frequent symptom of acute infectious diseases and is accompanied in these cases, increasing temperature. Headache sometimes is the result of intoxication for diseases of internal organs.
Patients with persistent headaches should be directed to the specialists. Headache treatment should be prescribed depending on the underlying disease, at the same time should be symptomatic treatment: amidopyrine (pyramidonum) 0.25 g 2 times a day, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 0.25-0.5 g, analgin 0.5 g, vitamins (B1 1 ml 6% solution, 20 intramuscular injections, B6 1 ml of 5% solution, 20 intramuscular injections). Cm. also Migraine.