Granuloma - inflammatory nature tumor formation in the tissues under certain (often a chronic infectious diseases (tuberculosis, syphilis, rheumatism, a actinomycosis, leprosy, SAP, typhoid), and when released into the fabric of foreign bodies (surgical silk, gauze, pieces of wood, and so on). Granuloma consists of granulation tissue and superficially similar to the tumor. Microscopic structure granuloma depends on the pathogen. Specificity of structure of granulomas in tuberculosis, syphilis, actinomycosis and other use for further diagnosis, resorting to biopsy (see).
Some granuloma received special names, such as tuberculosis granuloma - tuberculosis bump", syphilis - "Gunma", leprosy "laroma". Granulomas can be barely visible to the naked eye (in the form of nodules grayish or grayish-yellow) and be up to several centimeters in diameter. Granulomas are subject to decay, after which comes scarring. Clinical manifestation of granulomas is due to their location, quantity, degree of decay and scarring. So, Gunma in the field of bridge of the nose can lead to disfigurement of the face (saddle nose), rheumatic granuloma in the field of the conducting system of the heart - rhythm disturbances of heart contractions, leprosy along nerves in the skin - to the loss of sensitivity and extensive ulceration. Cm. also the Inflammation.

Granuloma venereal

Granuloma venereal (synonym fifth of sexually transmitted disease) is a chronic infectious disease of the skin of the genital organs and neighbouring areas, is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. Found in tropical countries. In the USSR cases of sexually transmitted diseases granuloma not marked. Caused by a bacteria Donovan. which define the scraping or biopsy of the affected area. There are 3 forms: ulcer, hypertrophic, or papillomatos, and sclerotic. The incubation period from several days up to 3 months. Skin changes polymorphic: papules, pustules, vesicles, erosions and ulcers.
Forecast for life generally favorable, but at the generalization process can be fatal.
Treatment: penicillin 50 000 UNITS every 3 hours, on the rate of 10-15 million IU; streptomycin but 250,000 U 2 times a day, the course of 10-15 million UNITS, and other antibiotics in the appropriate dosages. At the same time it is recommended to assign sulfa drugs on 1 and 5 times a day, just to 40-50, In the presence of Scar after healing ulcers are recommended physiotherapy thermal procedures, injections lidzi.

Granuloma tooth

Granuloma tooth - tumorous formation near the top of the tooth root of granulation tissue with fibrous capsule on the periphery. Tooth granuloma occurs as a result of chronic inflammatory process in the infection of theriodont from the root canal.
Clinically tooth granuloma may not occur and is found on the x-ray images. Festering tooth granuloma can cause acute purulent inflammatory processes: pericementitis, periostitis, osteomyelitis, a phlegmon, which are sometimes accompanied by a piercing holes. From dental granuloma often develops tooth cyst (see).
Treatment : conservative and surgical. In the first case, the tooth canal and the cavity granuloma filled with cement. Radical way is surgery resection of root apex with the preservation of the tooth or a tooth extraction and scraping granuloma.

Granuloma annulare

Granuloma annulare is a relatively rare skin disease of unknown etiology, observed more frequently in children, and rarely in adults, women more often than men. Localized primarily on the skin of the back of the hands and feet, legs and forearms, less often sparsely in different parts of the skin. Clinically characterized by eruption of a dense, semispherical knots value from hemp grain to small pea. Closely adhering to each other, but not together, they form rings of various diameters. The skin above them is the normal color or pale pink, less often brownish color. In the centre of the rings skin usually normal, slightly less atrophic. While common lesions, besides rings, formed curved shapes. In some cases, along with knots noted the formation of a single large units, located in the subcutaneous tissue. Skin lasts for many months or even years. Subjective feelings are absent. The prognosis is favorable. Treatment: with limited forms of the disease it is recommended that local irrigation - chloroethyl. While common forms intramuscular vitamin E (1 ml of 5% solution, 15 injection).

Pyogenic granuloma

Pyogenic granuloma (brimicombe) is a skin disease caused by pyogenic bacteria. Occurs on the site of injury, most often on the hands and face. Pyogenic granuloma is a tumor formation up to 2 cm in diameter solid elastic consistence red or brownish color on a short stalk; bleeds easily, may ulcerate to nekrotizirovanne with purulent-bloody secret. Pyogenic granuloma likely to relapse. Treatment: surgical removal, diathermocoagulation.