Breast milk

For feeding of the child breast milk optimum conditions for its development. The value and quality of proteins, fats and carbohydratesand vitamins and mineral salts in breast milk is best for their digestion, absorption and assimilation. In human milk protein and salts lower than in the milk of animals, but enhanced content of milk sugar and essential fatty acids.
Proteins breast milk, consisting mainly of lactalbumin and globulins, contain essential amino acids, biologically active and its structure is close to proteins, cells of the organism of the child, which improves their use to build tissue.
High levels in breast milk fat essential fatty acids ensures the child's body with the necessary energy and plastic material. Contained in breast milk milk sugar promotes growth in the gut bacteria that are involved in the synthesis of vitamins of group C. the Quantity and quality of mineral salts in breast milk ensure maximum absorption. Breast milk contains specific and nonspecific antibodiesthat protect against infection, and the hormonesthat stimulate the growth and development of the child. Due to the sterility of breast milk, decreases the possibility of a violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract in children. For feeding of the child breast milk it, as a rule, itself regulates the amount of milk depending on the appetite.
Some drugs (morphine, alcohol, etc.) can pass into the milk, which should be borne in mind when assigning drug nursing mothers. In addition, the milk can go nicotine, so nursing mothers should be advised to stop Smoking.
Breast milk is not all children fully provides optimum conditions for development. Children with birth great weight or normal growth and reduced weight, you have to correct nutrition include additional quantities of protein and fat. Cm. Feeding children.