Breast milk for centuries served as a natural ideal food for babies. In the XX century almost all over the world was a marked decrease in the number of nursing mothers, and reducing the duration of breastfeeding is associated with the development of baby food production, the increasing number of working women and changing social conditions and lifestyle. Besides, it is necessary to add, that the doctors there is no consensus on the question of the expediency of this or that method of feeding. Fortunately, in recent years the interest in breastfeeding significantly increased; health care workers and the General public are beginning to realize the advantages of breastfeeding compared to artificial.
It is interesting to note that in a number of industrialized countries showed a clear tendency to increase breastfeeding, and this process covers, as a rule, group of more educated women [10, 11]. In the United States in the early 70-ies only about 25% of women breastfeed since its birth in 1978, this percentage was already about 50. Along with this increased the number of mothers who breast-feed longer period. According to the statistical data of [13], the percentage of children who were in the U.S. breastfeeding within 5-6 months or more, was 5.5 in 1971, 14,7-in 1975 and 20.5-1978
In Sweden, the frequency of breastfeeding children under the age of 2 months amounted to 31% in 1972, and at the age of 6 months - 6%; by 1975, the number had risen to 46 and 14%, respectively [11]. In the Northern suburbs of Sydney (Australia), the proportion of children who were breastfed at discharge from the hospital, was 72% in 1972, and 12% -at the age of 6 months; by 1977, the number had risen to 86% and 48% respectively [14].

  • Benefits of breastfeeding
  • The importance of breastfeeding for the mother
  • The problems associated with breastfeeding factors, dependent on the mother
  • Factors, dependent child