Hemangioma is a benign tumour on the basis of malformation of the blood vessels.
Most often there are following morphological forms hemangiomas: a capillary (hypertrophic) and cavernous (cavernous) ( Fig. 4 and 5). Especially often hemangioma happens in children. Can be located in epithelial tissues in the skin and subcutaneous tissue, mucous membranes, muscles, tendons, bones, parenchymatous organs. The most frequently observed hemangioma of the skin in the form of red or brownish-purple spots turn pale when pressure on them. When localization on the mucous membrane (in the language, cheeks) hemangioma has a bluish appearance, without ulceration, easily compressed. Located in the subcutaneous tissue and muscles hemangioma has a soft texture, without a clear contours. When pressure on the hemangioma it decreases, and at the termination of pressure again filled with blood, buying original . When the message large vessels can pulsate. When clots and their organizations hemangioma may not be uniform density. Of parenchymatous organs hemangioma often found in liver, rarely reaching notable size.
In bones hemangioma is usually observed in the spine and less in the bones of the skull. In the spine is defined on x-rays in the form of rounded prosvetlenie in one or more vertebrae.
Growth hemangiomas in children fast. Hemangioma is complicated by ulceration, bleeding, development of inflammatory events during infection.
Treatment of hemangiomas soft tissues primarily surgical, it must be early. For large hemangiomas resort to destruction in several stages with a plastic replacement of skin defects. Used as treatment for snow carbonic acid (with a small hemangiomas of skin). Possible treatment introduction in the hemangioma-causing substances sclerosis tissues (70oC alcohol) or electrocoagulation (see Diathermocoagulation). In some cases, radiation therapy is indicated.capillary and cavernous hemangioma photo